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Development economics papers.
For further information about this series and for press inquiries please contact Lubala Chibwe, by email: [email protected].
Development Economics Paper
Just rewards local politics and public resource allocation in south india.
Timothy Besley, Rohini Pande and Vijayendra Rao
This paper uses data on elected village councils in South India to examine the political economy of public resource allocation. We find that the pattern of policy-making reflects politicians' self-interest. Elected counc... Read more...
Keywords: decentralization ; india ; panchayat.
Making Autocracy Work
Timothy Besley and Masayuki Kudamatsu
One of the key goals of political economy is to understand how institutional arrangements shape policy outcomes. This paper studies a comparatively neglected aspect of this - the forces that shape heterogeneous performan... Read more...
Keywords: keywords: dictatorship ; democracy
Decentralization's Effects on Educational Outcomes in Bolivia and Colombia
Jean-Paul Faguet and Fabio Sanchez
The effects of decentralization on public sector outputs is much debated but little agreed upon. This paper compares the remarkable case of Bolivia with the more complex case of Colombia to explore decentralization?s eff... Read more...
Keywords: decentralization ; education ; public investment ; bolivia ; colombia ; local government
Does Envy Destroy Social Fundamentals? The Impact of Relative Income Position on Social Capital
Justina A.V. Fischer and Benno Torgler
Research evidence on the impact of relative income position on individual attitudes and behaviour is sorely lacking. Therefore, this paper assesses such positional impact on social capital by applying 14 different measur... Read more...
Keywords: relative income position ; envy ; positional concerns ; social capital ; social norms ; happiness
The Unequal Effects of Liberalization: Evidence from Dismantling the License Raj in India
Philippe Aghion, Robin Burgess, Stephen J. Redding and Fabrizio Zilibotti
This paper investigates whether the effects, on registered manufacturing out-put, employment, entry and investment, of dismantling the `license raj? - a system of central controls regulating entry and production activity... Read more...
Political Selection and the Quality of Government: Evidence from South India
This paper uses household data from India to examine the economic and social status of village politicians, and how individual and village characteristics a?ect politician behavior while in o?ce. Education increases the ... Read more...
Why So Much Centralization? A Model of Primitive Centripetal Accumulation
With strong conceptual arguments in its favor, decentralization is a popular and growing policy trend across the world. And yet dozens of empirical studies have failed to find convincing evidence that past reforms have w... Read more...
Keywords: centralization ; decentralization ; local public goods ; local government ; municipal government ; legislative bargaining ; capture.
Gender Discrimination and Growth: Theory and Evidence from India
Gender inequality is an acute and persistent problem, especially in developing countries. This paper argues that gender discrimination is an inefficient practice. We model gender discrimination as the complete exclusion ... Read more...
Keywords: growth ; gender discrimination ; labor market ; allocation of talent ; india.
Government Corruption and Legislative Procedures: is One Chamber Better Than Two?
This paper studies the impact of the competition between lobbies and voters on policy outcomes under alternative legislative procedures. Lobbies and citizens have opposing interests in a public policy and offer money and... Read more...
Keywords: bicameralism ; corruption ; lobbying ; voting ; party polarization.
Do Rural Banks Matter? Evidence from the Indian Social Banking Experiment
Robin Burgess and Rohini Pande
Lack of access to finance is often cited as a key reason why poor people remain poor. This paper uses data on the Indian rural branch expansion program to provide empirial evidence on this issue. Between 1977 and 1990, t... Read more...
Keywords: finance and development ; rural banking ; bank licensing ; credit constraints ; structural change ; diversification ; redistribution ; povery ; growth.
Eviction Threats and Investment Incentives
Abhijit Banerjee and Maitreesh Ghatak
We show that the effect of eviction threats on unobservable investment effort can be positive. We demonstrate this apparently counter-intuitive result in a model of tenancy where investment by a tenant in the current per... Read more...
Keywords: sharecropping tenancy ; eviction threats ; investment incentives.
Intrahousehold Efficiency and Individual Insurance in Ghana
I test a model of Pareto efficient risk sharing within households using consumption data from Ghana. The results reject this model despite showing that individual consumption is not significantly affected by both agricul... Read more...
Democracy and Education Spending: Has Africa's Move to Multiparty Elections Made a Difference to Policy?
While it is generally recognized that electoral competition can have a major influence on public spending decisions, there has been little effort to consider whether the move to multiparty elections in African countries ... Read more...
Keywords: primary education ; political economy ; democracy ; electoral competition.
The Role of Freedom, Growth and Religion in the Taste for Revolution
Robert MacCulloch and Silvia Pezzini
A fundamental issue for economists is what determines civil conflict. One unsettled question is the relative importance of political freedoms versus economic development. This paper takes a new approach to provide an ans... Read more...
Keywords: conflict ; freedom ; development ; growth ; religion.
Social Networks and Technology Adoption in Northern Mozambique
Oriana Bandiera and Imran Rasul
Despite their potentially strong impact on poverty, agricultural innovations are often adopted slowly. Using a unique household dataset on sunflower adoption in Mozambique, we analyse whether and how individual adoption ... Read more...
Keywords: social networks ; technology adoption ; information sharing.
Land Distribution, Incentives and the Choice of Production Techniques in Nicaragua
Does the distribution of land rights affect the choice of contractible techniques? I present evidence suggesting that Nicaraguan farmers are more likely to grow effort-intensive crops on owned rather than on rented plots... Read more...
Keywords: agricultural productivity ; asymmetric information ; crop choice.
Can Labour Regulation Hinder Economic Performance? Evidence from India
Timothy Besley and Robin Burgess
This paper investigates whether the industrial relations climate in Indian States has affected the pattern of manufacturing growth in the period 1958-92. We show that pro-worker amendments to the Industrial Disputes Act ... Read more...
Keywords: indian industrial relations ; industrial disputes act ; manufacturing growth ; pro-worker regulations ; urban poverty ; capital and labour.
Is a Friend in Need a Friend Indeed? Inclusion and Exclusion in Mutual Insurance Networks in Southern Ghana
Markus Goldstein, Elisabeth Sadoulet and Alain de Janvry
Mutual insurance has been shown, theoretically and empirically, to be incomplete and limited by asymmetric information and lack of enforcement mechanisms. While some research has shown that networks based on kinship, nei... Read more...
Keywords: risk ; social setworks ; sutual insurance ; intrahousehold allocation.
Does Social Insurance Help Secure Property Rights?
This paper develops a simple model to show how social insurance affects the desire to revolt against property rights. It then tests for the effect of social insurance on revolt by introducing a panel data set derived fro... Read more...
Keywords: social insrance ; property rights ; revolt.
What Makes a Revolution?
Although property rights are the cornerstone of capitalist economics, throughout history existing claims have been frequently overturned and redefined by revolution. A fundamental question for economists is what makes re... Read more...
Keywords: property rights ; revolts ; income inequality.
Modernisation and Son Preference
Robin Burgess and Juzhong Zhuang
The Political Economy of Government Responsiveness: Theory and Evidence from India
Gaps in welfare attainment between boys and girls in China have attracted international attention. In this paper demand analysis is used to try and uncover the factors which may be driving the emergence of the gender gap... Read more...
Keywords: modernisation ; son preference ; intra-household allocation ; demand analysis ; china.
Commodity Taxation and Social Welfare: The Generalised Ramsey Rule
David Coady and Jean Dreze
Commodity taxes have three distinct roles: (1) revenue collection, (2) interpersonal redistribution, and (3) resource allocation. The paper presents an integrated treatment of these three concerns in a second-best genera... Read more...
Keywords: commodity taxation ; efficiency ; redistribution ; shadow prices
Is Child Work Necessary?
Sonia R Bhalotra
This paper investigates why children work by studying the wage elasticity of child labour supply. Incorporating subsistence constraints in to a model of labour supply, we show that a negative wage elasticity favours the ... Read more...
Keywords: child labour ; education ; poverty ; gender ; intertemporal labour supply.
Private Investment and Political Uncertainty
Recent theoretical and empirical work has demonstrated a clear negative link between macroeconomic and political uncertainty and levels of private investment across countries. This result raises the question what institu... Read more...
Keywords: political institutions ; private investment ; credible commitment ; quantile regression.
Child Farm Labour: Theory and Evidence
Sonia R Bhalotra and Chris Heady
This paper presents a dynamic model of child labour supply in a farming household. The model clarifies the roles of land, income and household size, allowing labour and credit market imperfections. If labour markets are ... Read more...
Keywords: child labour ; poverty ; female education ; agricultural households ; ghana ; pakistan.
The Rise of Mass Consumption Societies
This paper develops a model to understand mechanisms behind the rise of mass consumption societies. The development process depicted in the model follows the Flying Geese pattern, in which a series of industries takes of... Read more...
Keywords: income distribution ; earning-by-doing ; endogenous technological changes ; nonhomothetic preferences ; demand complementarity ; the domino effect ; cooperative dynamical systems.
Valutation and Evaluation: Measuring the Quality of Life and Evaluating Policy
This paper is about measuring social well-being and evaluating policy. Part I is concerned with the links between the two, while Parts II and III, respectively, are devoted to the development of appropriate methods of me... Read more...
Keywords: externalities ; market imperfections ; growth ; multiple equilibria ; sunspot equilibrium
Financial Intermediation, Variability and the Development Process
Luis Carranza and Jose E. Galdon-Sanchez
In this paper we have built a model of financial intermediation that explains the GDP variability pattern of an economy during the development process. In our model, per capita is more volatile in the middle-income econo... Read more...
Keywords: externalities ; market imperfections ; growth ; multiple equilibria ; sunspot equilibria
Fertility, Education and Development: Further Evidence from India
Jean Dreze and Mamta Murthi
There has been a significant decline in fertility in many parts of India since the early 1980s. This paper reexamines the determinants of fertility levels and fertility decline, using panel data on Indian districts for 1... Read more...
Keywords: fertility ; demographic transition ; female literacy ; india
On the Structure of Tenancy contracts: Theory and Evidence fron 19th Century Rural Sicily
This paper analyses the empirical determinants of contract length, a key and yet neglected dimension of contractual structure. I use data on tenancy agreements signed between 1870 and 1880 in the district of Siracusa, It... Read more...
Keywords: contract duration ; incentives ; tenancy agreements.
School Participation in Rural India.
Jean Dreze and Geeta Gandhi Kingdon
This paper presents an analysis of the determinant of school participation in rural north India, based on a recent household survey which includes detailed information on school characteristics. School participation espe... Read more...
Keywords: education ; india ; child labour ; school quality
Public-Private Partnership for the Provision of Public Goods: Theory and an Application to NGOs
Timothy Besley and Maitreesh Ghatak
This paper analyzes the role of public and private responsibility in the provision of public goods. We emphasise that a typical public good will require many different inputs which raises the possibility of partnerships ... Read more...
Keywords: public goods ; non-governmental organizations ; incomplete contracting ; partnerships.
Minority Representation and Policy Choices: The Significance of Legislator Identity.
Disadvantaged groups tend also to constitute population minorities. One consequence of this is that the policies implemented by electorally accountable governments often fail to reflect minority interests. A policy solut... Read more...
Keywords: political economy ; minorities ; electoral law ; india ; panel data.
The Economics of Non-Governmental Organisations.
R. Hopkins and C.D. Scott
The purpose of this paper is to identify the organisational comparative advantage of NGOs, and to develop a model which explains the set of circumstances uder which they emerge and dominate other types of firms. It is ar... Read more...
Keywords: miroeconomic analyses of economic development ; formal and informal sectors ; non-governmental organisations ; institutional arrangements ; non-profit institutions ; altruism
Ethnic Diversity, Mobility and School Funding: Theory and Evidence From Kenya
This paper explores the relationship between ethnic diversity and local school funding in Kenyan primary schools. The empirical results paint a picture of pervasive local collective action problems in ethnically diverse ... Read more...
Keywords: education ; ethnicity ; kenya ; mobility ; public growth
Land Reform, Poverty Reduction and Growth: Evidence from India
In recent times there has been a renewed interest in relationships between redistribution, growth and welfare. Land reforms have been central to strategies to improve the asset base of the poor in developing countries th... Read more...
Keywords: land reform ; political economy ; poverty ; growth ; india
Decentralization Schemes, Cost-Benefit-Analysis, and Net National Product as a Measure of Social Well-Being
Partha Dasgupta and Karl-Goran Maler
This paper is about net national product (NNP). We are concerned with what NNP means, what it should include, what it offers us and, therefore, why we may be interested in it. We show that NNP, properly defined, can be u... Read more...
Keywords: allocative efficiency ; cost benefit analysis ; capital ; investment ; project evaluation
Intrahousehold Resource Allocation in Rural Pakistan: A Semi-parametric Analysis
Cliff Attfield and Sonia R Bhalotra
We estimate semiparametric Engel curves for rural Pakistan using a large household survey. This allows us to obtain consistent estimates of the effects of household size and composition on consumption patterns even when ... Read more...
Keywords: semiparametric estimation ; intrahousehold resource allocation ; gender bias ; engel curves.
Investigating Rationality in Wage-Setting
This paper investigates the efficiency wage hypothesis and derives a tractable expression for the profit loss incurred by deviations from the efficiency wage. The extent of the wage deviation can be inferred from product... Read more...
Keywords: efficiency wage ; near-rationality ; panel data ; india.
The Economics of Poverty in Poor Countries
This article examines the links that have recently been studied between poverty, high fertility and undernourishment, on the one hand, and degradation of the local environmental-resource base and civic disconnection, on ... Read more...
Keywords: poverty traps ; positive feed-back ; undernourishment ; property rights ; fertility ; the commons ; local democracy ; civil liberties
Hunger in the Contemporary World
Economic analysis of hunger calls for an informationally broad approach that takes adequate account of the distinct interdependences involved. This paper examines the interdependences between (1) income and food consumpt... Read more...
Keywords: hunger ; food ; undernourishment ; entitlement ; women empowerment ; intrafamily distribution ; fertility ; political incentives ; military expenditure
Inequality, Unemployment and Contemporary Europe
Inequality of incomes can differ substantially from inequality in other 'spaces' such as well-being, freedom, health, longevity, and quality of life. Given the massive sclae of unemployment in contemporary European econo... Read more...
Keywords: unemployment ; individuality ; social exclusion ; ageging population ; self-help ; social responsibility.
Credit in Rural India: A Case Study
Jean Dreze, Peter Lanjouw and Naresh Sharma
This paper presents a case study of credit transactions in Palanpur, a north Indian village. Drawing on detailed informtion from all borrowers and lenders in the village, we examine a number of issues related to the func... Read more...
Keywords: india ; palanpur ; rural credit markets.
Population, Consumption and Resources: Ethical Issues
This article is about the concept of optimum population and consumption. Even though it is primarily concerned with foundational issues, the various ideas that have been discussed in the literature are tested in the cont... Read more...
Keywords: potential people ; actual people ; utilitarianism ; generation-relative ethics
The Economics of Food
In this article I argue that, in contrast to what is implicitly assumed in many popular writings on food security in the future, the interface that connects the problems of population growth, poverty, environmental degra... Read more...
Keywords: food composition ; environmental resources ; photosynthesis ; future population ; undernourishment ; poverty traps ; world hunger ; property rights.
What's the Point of a Development Strategy?
Standard indicators of economic success leave out many aspects of development that are crucial to the well-being and freedom of citizens. We have to examine critically the ends as well as the means involved in developmen... Read more...
Keywords: economic development ; capabilities ; valuational weights development indicators ;
Development and Thinking at the Beginning of the 21st Century
There has been a shift, in recent years, in the understanding of the process of development. It is not a switch (as often portrayed) from a state-dependent view of development to a market-reliant view. Rather, it involve... Read more...
Keywords: economic development ; capabilities ; hard states ; political incentives ; role of public discussion ; valuational weights.
Does the Labour Market Explain Lower Female Schooling in India?
Geeta Gandhi Kingdon
Labour market discrimination against women and parental discrimination against daughters are two of the most commonly cited explanations of the gender gap in education in developing countries. This study empirically test... Read more...
Keywords: returns to education ; gender ; labour force participation ; earnings function ; selectivity correction ; india.
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Published on Development Impact
What’s the latest in development economics research a round-up of 140+ papers from neudc 2017, david evans, this page in:.
Senior Fellow, Center for Global Development
David Evans, thank you so much for putting these short summaries together of the latest research. This is fantastic!
Yes - this is really time saving. Is there a link to similar summaries from previous years ?
Thanks, Charlie! I did a similar round-up in 2015, and one for PacDev (the West coast version of NEUDC) in 2014. Earlier this year, Markus Goldstein and I posted a round-up for CSAE, the big conference on African Economic Development.
Thank you, Dave! This is very useful :)
Very useful economic research report. There are many reputed organizations like Art of Living foundation doing noteworthy work in the field of development in rural areas. https://www.artofliving.org/in-en/rural-development
Thanks for the summaries. Great effort
Skipping the macro papers speaks volumes about the current dismal status of development economics
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The Journal of Economic Growth serves as the principal outlet for research in the fields of economic growth and comparative economic development. The journal publishes high quality research that explores the growth process in the contemporary period as well as over the entire course of human history. In particular, the journal encourages the submission of research that explores the role of income distribution, the demographic transition, human capital formation, technological change, and structural transformation in the growth process, as well as the role deeply-rooted geographical, cultural, institutional and human characteristics in the comparative economic development.
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Submission related to the field of population economics , that will be not found by the editorial board suitable for publications in the Journal of Economic Growth, may be transferred by the Editor, with referee reports, for further consideration in the Journal of Population Economics.
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Issue 4, December 2023
Women legislators and economic performance, authors (first, second and last of 4).
- Thushyanthan Baskaran
- Sonia Bhalotra
- Yogesh Uppal
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- Published: 07 November 2023
Human capital, self-esteem, and income inequality
- Mark Gradstein
- Luigi Ventura
- Published: 09 October 2023
Social mobility and economic development
- Guido Neidhöfer
- Matías Ciaschi
- Joaquín Serrano
- Published: 13 September 2023
Automation and unemployment: help is on the way
- Hideki Nakamura
- Joseph Zeira
- Published: 11 September 2023
Missions, fertility transition, and the reversal of fortunes: evidence from border discontinuities in the emirates of Nigeria
- Dozie Okoye
- Roland Pongou
- Published: 08 September 2023
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Journal of Economic Development Economic Research Institute, Chung-Ang University
ISSN: 0254-8372 | eISSN: 2636-0578
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Current Issue : 2023, Vol.48, No.3
An Empirical Evaluation of the Middle-Income Trap and Immiserizing Growth in BRICS Countries
ESelection or Tunneling? An Explanation for the Agency Problems in Chaebol Firms
Measurement of Inequality-Adjusted Human Development at the Sub-National Level for the United States in 2015 And 2020
Household Income Dynamics and Wage Inequality In Bangladesh: Evidence From Hies 2010 And 2016
Tax Compliance Attitudes in Africa: Does Foreign Aid Promote Human Development? Evidence from South Asian Countries
The Influence of E-Service Quality on Food Online Purchase Intention in Vietnam
Do Lawyers Inhibit Economic Growth? New Evidence from the 50 U.S. States?