Starting Pig Farming Business Plan (PDF)
Pig farming is one of the most profitable livestock businesses. Pork constitutes most of what many consumers worldwide consider their best meat. Profitability also stems from the reproduction rate of pigs. On average, a sow (female pig) weans off at least 9 healthy piglets per birth. That translates to at least 18 piglets annually since a sow gives birth twice per year. This makes it possible to start a small pig farming business and grow quickly over time. To build a profitable and sustainable pig farming business, you require sufficient knowledge of how to efficiently raise the pigs, good business management skills, and a good piggery business plan. This article will outline how to start the piggery farming business, and the pig farming business plan – PDF, Word and Excel.
Piggery farming is a lucrative business providing income for many entrepreneurs all over the world. As with any other business there are some important steps you need to take before you start. First determine the size of your piggery farming project. This includes the number of pigs (boars & sows) that you intend to start with; location of the pig farm, land, housing, equipment as well as your target market. All of these factors will be affected by the amount of investment capital that you have. You also need to carry out market research (Who are you going to sell the pigs/pork to? At what price?) and write a piggery business plan before you venture into the pig farming business.
You can sell weaners. Weaners are bought either to be fed normally till maturity or for pig fattening. They are typically known as feeder pigs. Next up are porkers. Porkers are reared exclusively for pork meat production. They are sold when they reach 60-80 kilograms or on average 5-6 months of age. Then you have baconers which are larger than porkers. They reach their maturity at roughly 100 kilograms. Age-wise that is at around 6-8 months.
You can also sell your pigs as general purpose pigs. This you can do as live pigs or as slaughtered pigs. As slaughtered pigs you can sell them as whole carcasses, halved, or as portions. The other option is to sell pigs for purposes of manufacturing wide-ranging end products. Pork can be processed into sausages and emulsions, for example. There are also by-products from pigs that are essential to the manufacturing of things like adhesives, soaps, fertilizers, and more. Yet another lucrative option is to sell breeding stock. You can sell the pigs’ droppings for use as manure in crop production. The same can be used produce biogas.
Selecting Land for Piggery Farming Business
To start your pig farming business, you require a large enough area for erecting the necessary pig housing and other farm buildings. When selecting the land for your piggery farm, consider the conditions of the roads – vehicles will use the roads to deliver pig feed to the piggery farm as well as deliver pigs to the market from the farm. Thus you will need to choose a location with good roads for your piggery farming business. Also consider if the land will allow you to expand your pig farming business in the future, eg is there enough space to construct additional pig sty houses? Choice of land should also take into consideration water flooding. It is detrimental for water flooding to occur where the pigs will be housed. That is why it is important to choose land that has a gentle slope. This will enable runoff thus avoiding any possibility of water flooding. You should locate your piggery farm at least 1 kilometre away from the rivers to avoid possible contamination of water from effluence. Pigs require plenty of water, thus your pig farm should be located where there is clean and reliable water supply. Your pig farming business plan should take into account the cost of purchasing or leasing the land.
Good piggery housing will make it easier to manage pigs and also reduces the mortality rate of the piglets. With the right type of pig housing, you can successfully rear 95% or more of all the live born piglets to market weight in the shortest possible time. It is advised that the piggery housing should typically be long and narrow. Its orientation should follow an east to west direction. The floor of the piggery house must be dry. The piggery housing floor can be made from cement, bricks, poles, stone slates, or wooden slates. Piggery house design must also factor in the need for sufficient shade and ventilation. Strike a healthy balance by ensuring ventilation does not cause harmful loss or gain of heat to the pigs. P igs at different stages of growth require different environments (temperatures) and different housings. Piglets require protection from very low temperatures to ensure that they grow to their maximum potential level. On the other hand, the growing and reproducing pigs must be protected against high temperatures. So you have to ensure that the piggery houses are built to protect the young and grown pigs against extreme temperature and bad weather conditions such as continuous rains and cold winds.
Piggery housings are usually demarcated into 4 separate sections. This is to cater for the 4 main stages of the pig production cycle – thus pigs at different growth stages require different housing, you can’t just house all pigs in one piggery house. These 4 stages are pregnancy, lactation, weaning, and breeding. Allow between 6 and 8 meters per pig boar (male pig) when breeding. Allow 4 to 6 meters per sow when lactating. During pregnancy, allow 1.5 meters to 2 meters per sow. During the weaning stage, allow 0.3 to 0.5 meters per piglet. These specifications will guide you in figuring out the size of your piggery housing. Materials and equipment required for the construction of pig housing structures and buildings can be bought from hardwares and other construction suppliers. Costs of constructing the pig housing should be included in the piggery business plan.
Equipment For Pig Farming Business
There are a number of activities involved in pig farming which all require specialized equipment.
- Personal Protective Clothing And Basic Handling : Rearing pigs can be messy so you will need protective clothing such as work-suits, overalls, gloves, face masks, boots, and the like. If you have a high number of pigs, a feral snare would come in handy. It helps you single out a pig when you need to separate it from the rest.
- Feeding And Drinking Equipment : You require pig feeding and drinking equipment and systems. There is an option to use manual approaches or automated ones.
- Breeding Equipment : If you are into pig breeding you must have a farrowing and a mating crate. The farrowing crate is instrumental during the lactation stage. It guards against incidents of sows accidentally killing piglets due to their heavy weights. The mating crate is to ensure sows are not hurt in any way during mating. A weighing crate is also generally needed in pig farming.
- Veterinary Equipment : There are other operations that require specialized veterinary equipment. Examples of such equipment are scalpels, blades, needles, syringes, and dressings. This mostly depends on the procedures you personally do in your pig farming. Some prefer to outsource so they might not need much or anything at all.
The pig farm business plan should include the costs of acquiring the required equipment.
Pig Breeding Options
Live Pigs : This is the easiest and most common breeding approach for many pig farmers. It can entail sourcing and introducing boars (male pigs) and sows (breeding female pigs) into your herd. Another option is to source and introduce weaners. These are young pigs that will not have yet reached full maturity. Third option is to source and introduce breeding stock chosen using segregated early weaning (SEW). This involves taking piglets from the farrowing crate at an early age and then rearing them in a different building on the farm.
Surgical Methods : The other 3 ways are surgical methods namely, hysterectomy, embryo transplant, and artificial insemination. Of these 3, artificial insemination is relatively less sophisticated and more common.
Breeding Pigs: Sows and Bows
To start your pig farming business, you require breeding stock which consists of bows (males pigs) and sows (female pigs). Boars and sows will mate and the sows will give birth to piglets. The important thing is to closely check where and how you get your breeding stock. When looking to source breeding stock you must check the history – especially regarding diseases and health status. Your supplier must be able to provide relevant documents detailing those aspects. They should also be able to direct you to veterinarians who can corroborate their documents. It should be possible to be shown reports from veterinarians on diseases and health status of the pigs. Your breeding stock supplier must also avail pig breeding records. The absence of any of such raises red flags. The growth potential of your piglets will depend on the nature and quality of the parent stock. Thus it is of great importance to buy a good pig breeding stock from reliable piggery farmers. Poor selection of breeding stock will lead to financial loss for your pig farming business plan.
You require 1 boar for every 15-20 sows. The number of soars which you buy for your pig farming business will depend on the scale of your piggery business. One sow gives birth to 9-11 piglets from one pregnancy. A sow can fall pregnant twice a year. The pregnancy of a pig lasts for 3 months, 3 weeks and 3 days (114 days). The pig farming business plan should take into consideration the cost of purchasing the breeding stock.
Pig Feed And Nutrition
The pigs must be given the correct type of feed as well as the correct amount of feed. This will ensure that the pigs reproduce efficiently, grow efficiently, utilize the feed efficiently, produce good quality pork, thus maximizing the profits of your pig farming business. If you fail to give the proper feed to pigs then you may miss the slaughter weight targets and the desired quality of the pork. This may lead to financial loss of your pig farming business. Pigs require different types and amount of feed depending on which stage of growth they are at. This implies that piglets have their own feed type, bows & sows have their own type of feed, while lactating pigs also have their own type of feed.
Pig feeds constitute the greatest component of the total production costs. That is why some pig farmers use other cheaper feeds to minimize commercial feeds. Pigs require feeds with adequate proportions of proteins, energy, vitamins, and minerals. That is why commercial stock feeds are better because they are expertly proportioned. Regardless, you can use other non-commercial stock feeds as supplementary feeds. You just need to know that pigs mainly eat grains, fruits, and vegetables. Another common feed is residue from alcohol distilling processes. Just as long grain, particularly millet is involved in the distilling process. Bear in mind that such residues are not suitable for feeding pregnant or lactating pigs. Same applies to weaners or piglets in general. Pigs should not be fed with meats, dead animals, random waste, and fish. Your pig farming business plan should take into account all the feed costs at different stage of growth of the pigs.
Capital for a Piggery Farming Business
Starting a pig farming business is capital intensive. The capital is required for constructing the pig housings, purchasing the breeding stock, purchasing stock feeds and other costs associated with running a pig farming business. The amount of capital you need for your pig farming business will depend on the size of your piggery farming project. Your piggery business plan should clearly outline the money required to start and operate a pig production business.
Management And Labour for a Pig Farm
The number of employees you require for your pig farming business will depend on the size of your piggery project. You will need pig keepers who will be responsible for f eeding the pigs, cleaning and disinfecting the pig housings, washing the pigs and other duties. There may also be need for finance and marketing team, depending on the size of your pig production business. Your pig farming project proposal should take into account the salary costs for all the people you are going to employ.
Knowing your customer segments can be informed by how pigs are often sold. Pigs can be sold as market pigs, young piglets, feeder pigs, breeding stock, slaughtered (whole or halve), and cuts. Besides feeder pigs and breeding stock, weight is a core determinant of price. Understanding these dynamics helps inform your value proposition. That way, your marketing will be clear and specific about what you offer. Your target markets are several and as such you should diversify your messaging to appeal specifically. One common target market is direct customers in need of pork. These can be individuals and entities (e.g. restaurants).
You also have wholesalers and retailers looking to resell e.g. supermarkets and butcheries. There is also another segment comprising of processors. Pork can be processed into a number of value-added products. Such clients often have a number of strict stipulations your pigs or pork must adhere to. Capitalize on farmers’ marketplaces (onsite or virtual). Tap into other public platforms to market your pigs such as livestock auctions. Cold email potential bulk clients such as wholesalers, retailers, and processors offering to regularly supply. Overall, put up a detailed and ever active online presence via a business website and social media accounts.
You can slaughter your pigs when they are between the ages of 4 months to 6 months. The exact age at which you slaughter your pigs depends on whether you want to sell your pigs as porkers or as baconers.
The market for pork is very huge and is ever increasing. The annual global demand of pork is 110 million metric tons. That’s a lot! You can supply pork to abattoirs, local butcher shops, retailers, hotels, supermarkets, restaurants, wholesalers and individual consumers. Pork has to be sold whilst it’s still fresh, thus you should locate your pig farm close to your market. The pig production business plan ought to include a proper marketing plan to use in your piggery business.
The export market for pork is also very huge! As you grow your pig farming business you will be able to export the pork to other countries. The largest importers of pork are Japan, Russia, Hong Kong, China, South Korea and Mexico.
Pre-Written Pig Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel): Comprehensive Version, Short Funding/Bank Loan Version and Automated Financial Statements
For an in-depth analysis of the pig farming business, we encourage you to purchase our well-researched and comprehensive piggery business plan. We introduced the business plans after discovering that many were venturing into the pig production business without enough knowledge and understanding of how to run the piggery business, how to keep the pigs, lack of understanding of the financial side of the business, lack of understanding of : the industry, the risks involved , costs and profitability of the business; which often leads to disastrous losses.
The StartupBiz Global pig farming business plan will make it easier for you to launch and run your piggery business successfully, fully knowing what you are going into, and what’s needed to succeed in the business. It will be easier to plan and budget as you will be aware of all the costs involved in setting up and running the pig farming business.
Uses of the Pig Production Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)
The pig farming business plan can be used for many purposes including:
- Raising capital from investors/friends/relatives
- Applying for a bank loan
- Start-up guide to launch your pig production business
- As a piggery business proposal / pig farming project proposal
- Assessing profitability of the piggery business
- Finding a business partner
- Assessing the initial start-up costs so that you know how much to save
- Manual for current business owners to help in business and strategy formulation
Contents of the Piggery Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)
The pig farming business plan include, but not limited to:
- Marketing Strategy
- Financial Statements (monthly cash flow projections, income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, break even analysis, payback period analysis, start-up costs, financial graphs, revenue and expenses, Bank Loan Amortization)
- Risk Analysis
- Industry Analysis
- Market Analysis
- SWOT & PEST Analysis
- Operational Requirements (Including technical aspects of how to keep and rear the pigs, feed requirements etc)
- Operational Strategy
- Why some people in pig farming business fail, so that you can avoid their mistakes
- Ways to raise capital to start your pig farming business
The Pre-written piggery farming business plan package consist of 4 files
- Pig Farming Business Plan – PDF file (Comprehensive Version – 81 Pages)
- Pig Farming Business Plan – Editable Word File (Comprehensive Version – 81 Pages)
- Pig Farming Business Plan Funding/Bank Loan Version- Editable Word File (Short version for applying for a loan/funding – 42 pages)
- Pig Farming Business Plan Automated Financial Statements – (Editable Excel File)
The business plan can be used in any country and can be easily edited. The financial statements are automated. This implies that you can change eg the number of pigs, selling price of the pigs etc, and all the other financial statements will automatically adjust to reflect the change.
Click below to download the Contents Page of the Pig Farming Business Plan (PDF)
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Get the Pig Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)
Click Buy Now below to purchase using Paypal, Credit Card, or Debit Card. After you have purchased, you will immediately see the download link for the business plan package on the screen. You will also immediately get an email with the business plan download link. The Pre-written business plan package (PDF, Word, and Excel) costs $30 only!
If you want to purchase multiple business plans at once then click here: Business Plans Store.
The business plan package is a zipped compressed file containing the PDF, Word and Excel documents. To open the package after downloading it, just right click, and select Extract All. If you have any problems in downloading and opening the files, email us on [email protected] and we will assist you.
Piggery Business Frequently Asked Questions
How many pigs should i start with.
The number of pigs that you should start with depends with the amount of capital that you have, your intended scale of production and the available housing facilities. You need male pigs which are known as boars, as well as female pigs which are known as sows. One male pig can service upto 20 female pigs. You can start with just 5 female pigs for a small piggery business, or 100 female pigs for a large commercial pig farming business.
Is pig farming project profitable?
A pig farming project is a very profitable business venture. Each female pig gives birth to about 10 piglets per birth, and it can give birth twice a year. That means you can get 20 piglets per year from just 1 female pig – which implies a lot of revenue from just 1 pig. However you have to manage the piggery business expenses like feed. This is why it is important for you to get a good pig farming business plan so that you understand the factors which affect the profitability of a pig farming project.
How do I start a small piggery business?
To start a small piggery business, you need the following items: boars, sows, housing, equipment, feed, water, and a ready market. You also require a good piggery business plan before you venture into this business.
What do you feed pigs daily?
Commercial pig stock feeds are the best for feeding your pigs. However to lower the feed expenses, you should also give the pigs supplementary feed like grains and vegetables. It’s important that you manage the feed expenses so that your piggery business becomes profitable. At the same time you should also provide adequate feed to the pigs so that they grow up quickly and attain good weights when slaughtered.
What is the pig farming business model?
The piggery business model involves purchasing male and female pigs which then breed to produce piglets. You then raise and feed the piglets and sell them for a profit after 5-8 months. You do this continuously throughout the year, generating profits along the way.
What is the most profitable pig breed?
The most profitable pig breeds for commercial piggery business include the Large White/Yorkshire, Landrace, Hampshire, Duroc, Poland China, Camborough, Spotted and Chester White. The Yorkshire pig breed has good carcass quality and has a good feed conversion ratio, making it one of the most profitable pig breeds.
How many months does a pig take to grow?
If you are providing adequate feed to the pigs, they will take 5-8 months for them to be ready for market. The exact number of months for the pigs to be ready for slaughter will depend on the market needs. Pigs can be sold as porkers or baconers and the categorizations depend on the weight – baconers are larger than porkers.
Is piggery business a good investment?
Piggery business is a good investment as it can generate continuous cash flow for you and can provide good return on investment. However it’s essential that you understand the financial dynamics of piggery business, the costs involved, and the expected profitability. That is why it is important for you to have a good pig production business plan.
We wish you the best in your Pig farming business! Check out our collection of business plans , and more business ideas .
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[Pdf Sample] Business Plan For Pig Farming Docx
Starting a pig farming business can be a lucrative venture for those interested in agriculture and animal husbandry. However, to ensure success in this competitive industry, it is essential to have a well-defined business plan that outlines your goals, strategies, and financial projections.
In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide on creating a pig farming business plan in PDF format, covering everything from market analysis to operational details.
[Pdf Sample] Pig/Pork Farming Business Plan Proposal Docx
Table of Contents
To write a business plan , here is a breakdown of how it should be structured and what should be in each category. After this instruction, I will provide you with a sample of one I wrote for my farm , let us go:
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1. Executive Summary
The executive summary provides a brief overview of your pig farming business plan , highlighting key points such as the mission statement, target market, competitive advantage, and financial projections. It serves as an introduction to the plan, providing readers with an overview of your business and its potential for success.
2. Business Overview
In this section, provide detailed information about your pig farming business , including its legal structure, location, and ownership. Discuss your long-term goals, vision, and the unique selling proposition of your farm. Explain why you have chosen pig farming as a business opportunity and outline your values and commitment to animal welfare.
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3. Market Analysis
Conduct a comprehensive market analysis to identify the demand for pork products in your target market. Analyze the current trends, consumer preferences, and competition. Identify your target customers, such as local restaurants, retailers, and individual consumers. Understand their needs and preferences to tailor your products and marketing strategies accordingly.
4. Farm Infrastructure and Equipment
Describe the infrastructure and equipment required to operate a successful pig farming business . Discuss the layout of your farm, including pig pens, feeding areas, and waste management systems. Mention the necessary equipment, such as feeding troughs, water supply systems , and ventilation systems. Emphasize the importance of maintaining a clean and hygienic environment for the health and well-being of the pigs.
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5. Pig Breeds and Selection
Discuss the different pig breeds suitable for commercial farming and their characteristics. Explain the factors to consider when selecting pigs for your farm, such as growth rate, feed conversion efficiency, and disease resistance. Highlight the importance of sourcing pigs from reputable breeders to ensure the quality and genetic potential of your herd.
6. Feeding and Nutrition
Provide detailed information on the feeding and nutrition requirements of pigs at various stages of growth. Discuss the types of feed and supplements necessary for optimal growth and development. Explain the importance of formulating balanced diets to meet the specific nutritional needs of pigs . Consider factors such as protein content, energy levels, and essential vitamins and minerals.
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7. Health and Biosecurity
Highlight the significance of maintaining good health and biosecurity practices on your pig farm . Discuss vaccination protocols, routine health checks, and disease prevention measures. Emphasize the need for proper hygiene, quarantine procedures, and pest control to prevent the spread of diseases and ensure the overall well-being of your herd.
8. Breeding and Reproduction
Explain the breeding and reproduction practices involved in pig farming. Discuss natural breeding, artificial insemination, and the management of sows during gestation and farrowing. Provide guidance on breeding cycles, mating techniques, and the selection of breeding stock to improve the genetic quality and productivity of your herd.
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9. Marketing and Sales Strategies
Outline your marketing and sales strategies to effectively promote and sell your pork products. Identify your target market segments and develop a branding and advertising strategy to differentiate your farm from competitors. Explore various distribution channels, including direct sales, partnerships with local retailers, and online platforms. Consider the importance of building strong relationships with customers and providing exceptional customer service.
10. Financial Projections
Present a comprehensive financial projection for your pig farming business . Include details on start-up costs, operational expenses, revenue forecasts, and profitability analysis. Discuss your pricing strategy, sales volume projections, and expected return on investment. Provide a clear timeline for reaching key financial milestones and demonstrate the viability and potential profitability of your business .
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11. Risk Assessment
Conduct a thorough risk assessment to identify and mitigate potential risks and challenges in your pig farming venture. Address risks such as disease outbreaks, market fluctuations, and regulatory changes. Develop contingency plans and strategies to minimize the impact of unforeseen events on your business operations and financial stability.
Business Model for Agrolearners.com’s Pig Farming Business:
Aspiring pig farmers seeking knowledge and resources.
Existing pig farmers looking for advanced training and information.
Agricultural institutions and organizations interested in pig farming education.
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Comprehensive online courses and training materials on pig farming.
Access to expert advice and consultations from experienced pig farmers .
Interactive forums and communities for knowledge sharing and networking.
Up-to-date information on industry trends, best practices, and technologies.
Tailored content and resources for different levels of expertise.
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Agrolearners.com website: A user-friendly platform for accessing courses, resources, and support.
Social media platforms: Utilizing platforms like Facebook, Instagram, and LinkedIn to engage with the target audience.
Email marketing: Regular newsletters and updates to subscribers.
Partnerships: Collaborating with agricultural institutions and organizations for joint programs and promotions.
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Online support: Prompt and personalized assistance through chat, email, and discussion forums.
Community engagement: Encouraging active participation and knowledge exchange among learners.
Feedback mechanisms: Collecting feedback to improve courses and resources.
Continuous updates: Providing regular updates on industry developments and best practices.
Course fees: Charging a fee for accessing online courses and training materials.
Premium subscriptions: Offering advanced features and exclusive content for a subscription fee.
Consulting services: Providing personalized consultations and advisory services for a fee.
Partnerships and sponsorships: Collaborating with relevant industry partners for sponsored content and programs.
Course development and updates: Creating and updating comprehensive online courses on pig farming.
Content creation: Generating informative articles, videos, and other resources for learners.
Community management: Facilitating engagement and knowledge sharing among learners.
Research and development: Staying updated on industry trends and advancements.
Online learning platform: A robust and user-friendly website for course delivery.
Expertise and network: Collaborating with experienced pig farmers and industry professionals.
Content creation tools: Software and equipment for creating high-quality educational content.
Partnerships: Collaborating with relevant organizations and institutions for knowledge sharing and support.
Agricultural institutions and organizations: Collaborating for knowledge sharing and joint programs.
Industry experts: Engaging experienced pig farmers and professionals for content creation and consultations.
Technology providers: Partnering with online learning platforms and software providers.
Course development and content creation costs.
Platform maintenance and hosting expenses.
Marketing and promotional costs.
Staff salaries and operational expenses.
Number of course enrolments and subscribers.
Customer satisfaction and feedback ratings.
Engagement levels in online communities and forums.
Revenue generated from course fees and subscriptions.
Growth in partnerships and collaborations.
By implementing this business model, Agrolearners.com aims to provide valuable education and resources to pig farming enthusiasts, foster a community of knowledge-sharing, and generate revenue through course fees, subscriptions, and consulting services.
Here Is The Download Link To Business Plan For Pig Farming Proposal By Agrolearner.com
How much land do I need to start a pig farming business?
The amount of land required to start a pig farming business depends on various factors, including the scale of operations and the farming system employed. For small-scale or backyard pig farming, a few acres of land may be sufficient to accommodate the pig pens, feeding areas, and other infrastructure.
However, for larger commercial operations, it is recommended to have a larger land area to allow for expansion and proper management of the pigs. Additionally, it is important to comply with local zoning regulations and environmental requirements when determining the land size needed for a pig farming business .
What are the main challenges in pig farming?
Pig farming comes with its own set of challenges. Some of the main challenges include disease management and biosecurity measures to prevent outbreaks, ensuring proper nutrition and feeding practices, dealing with environmental factors such as temperature control and waste management, and maintaining good animal welfare standards.
Market fluctuations, price volatility, and competition can also pose challenges in terms of marketing and sales. It is important for pig farmers to stay updated on industry trends, adopt best practices, and have contingency plans in place to address these challenges effectively.
How long does it take for pigs to reach market weight?
The time it takes for pigs to reach market weight varies depending on several factors, including the breed, genetics, nutrition, and management practices. On average, it takes around 5 to 7 months for pigs to reach market weight. However, some pig breeds or specific production systems may have variations in the growth rate and time to reach market weight.
It is important for pig farmers to closely monitor the growth and development of their pigs, provide appropriate nutrition, and follow recommended management practices to ensure healthy and efficient growth.
Is pig farming a profitable business?
Pig farming has the potential to be a profitable business if managed effectively. However, profitability can vary depending on various factors such as market conditions, production costs, feed prices, and disease management. It is important for pig farmers to conduct thorough market research, develop a solid business plan , and implement efficient production practices to maximize profitability.
Also, staying updated on market trends, maintaining good financial records, and exploring value-added opportunities can contribute to the overall profitability of the pig farming business .
What are the key factors influencing pig meat prices?
Several factors influence pig meat prices. Supply and demand dynamics play a significant role, with factors such as population growth, consumer preferences, and export/import trends affecting the overall demand for pig meat. Other factors include production costs, including feed prices, labor costs, and input costs.
Disease outbreaks can also impact pig meat prices by affecting the supply of pigs and increasing production costs. Market competition, government regulations, and global trade policies can further influence pig meat prices. Keeping a close eye on these factors and their potential impact on prices is important for pig farmers to make informed decisions and effectively manage their business.
Agrolearner.com Farm is poised to become a leading player in the local pork industry, offering premium, sustainable products to a growing customer base. With a focus on animal welfare, product quality, and environmental stewardship, we are confident in our ability to achieve our vision and objectives.
By implementing the strategies outlined in this business plan and adapting to changing market dynamics, we are poised for long-term success and growth in the pig farming sector.
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Complete Pig Farming Business Plan: How To Start A Piggery
By Nana Adufah
March 3, 2022
A pig farming business plan is vital if you are interested in pig farming. Pig Farming is a booming area of production with much promise. Though there are a lot of pig farming business plan samples out there, going deep into reality is what this article is about.
The sector boasts higher and quick returns as Pig meat is widely consumed due high efficiency of special pig breeds .
How do pig farming? Pig farmers are encouraged to have a pig farming business plan to guide them through their production, assist them in accessing loans, and attract potential investors. This article discusses the steps to preparing a business plan for Pig Farmers. What do you need to include in a pig farming business plan doc ?
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In this Article;
Sections of The Pig Farming Business Plan
How many pigs do you need to start a pig farm, introduction pig rearing business plan, marketing management, production/ operations management, human resource management, financial management, how to write a piggery business plan, introduction.
This section gives a comprehensive background and overview of your piggery business. The section has several subsections to give or provide a thorough overview. However, feel free to remove subsections that do not apply to the business.
How to start a pig farming business
- This page provides the name of the pig business plan document, the business name, and the names of those involved in developing the business plan. Please provide the date in this section to remind you when it was developed and keep it updated.
- Executive summary of the piggery business appears at the front of the business plan, but it is the last section developed; it presents the most crucial information, which may include the firm’s overall goals and objectives, i.e., it should talk concisely about what the business is, what it wants to do, how it will do it and the projected rewards from it. The executive summary should give a brief overview of the business plan.
- The table of contents should provide the titles of all the section headings in the pig farming business plan and their page numbers.
- The Mission statement talks about the primary reason for the existence of your piggery business, its unique circumstances, the product(s) it sells, and why it is in business. You always revise and update it to reflect the changing face of the firm. The Vision statement tells the reader what particular position the firm is in or plans to enter and the most important goals of the business.
- Briefly describe in this section the legal organization of the pig farming business plan (for example, partnership, corporation, or proprietorship).
- This section of the pig farming business plan may be helpful when the plan is to be used for securing financial assistance. The overview helps set the context of how the business has changed and gotten to its current form. It should discuss how the business’ financial measures have changed. Then, information related to the business location (you can add pictures), current sales, inventories, assets, marketing area, number of employees, and other helpful information. The reader should have a snapshot picture of the business’s current status.
Marketing Management of Pig farming business plan
How profitable is pig farming.
This section is more like the juice of the plan. The subsections include;
- Talk about the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats surrounding your business and discuss the results.
- Talk about the specific products or services you offer.
- Your statement may be like, ‘We raise pigs for meat.
- Please talk about your industry and your business fit into it.
- Consider including trends in industry sales, competitors, cash markets, new market opportunities, and threats surrounding your business, and discuss the results.
- Thoroughly describe the customer base to help you better define your target market.
- Describe your marketing opportunities and how you intend to take advantage of those.
- Talk about the advertising programs you will undertake, how you will distribute your product, and how you will measure your success with your marketing plan.
- Also, discuss how you plan to mitigate risks and what tactics you will use. You will need to talk about how you intend to manage risks associated with input and output prices.
- Take stock of the total managerial expertise used by the firm. Talk about the marketing-related knowledge the manager possesses.
Assessing the operations process and making pig farming business plans for the future is essential, especially when you’re planning on expanding or change is about to happen in the business.
In your pig farming business plan operations, talk about;
- Production SWOT analysis
- Overview of production assets
- Managerial expertise
- Production performance
- Production strategy
The competency of your labor force may determine how successful your business will perform.
In this section of the pig farming business plan, you are required to be strict on the following;
- Human Resource SWOT analysis
- Organizational chart
- Overview of current policies
- Human Resources Strategy
In case you missed it: Here are some common mistakes to avoid in pig farming .
How to start pig farming
This section of the pig farming business plan is the most crucial factor from the potential lender’s viewpoint. Financial statements are best presented in the appendix. Explain the pig farming business plan finances. We advise that you work with a business consultant, accountant, or financial advisor to develop this part, especially if you’re pursuing other funding options.
- Financial SWOT analysis
- Review of the current economic situation
- Financial strategy
This part of your pig farming business plan should tell your reader the highlights of your plan. Restate your most crucial goals and mention how you plan on achieving them. Draw focus on your plan to reach future profitability, efficiency, liquidity, and solvency.
The appendix of the pig farming business plan might contain your financial statements, both Pro-forma and actual, which point to your financial management section. Include anything that may be crucial to the body of your pig farming business plan. Give each appendix a unique name, such as ‘SWOT analysis results’ or ‘Financial statements.’
What are the advantages of pig farming?
Slices of bacon are enjoyed everywhere in the United States, in homes and restaurants. The average farmer in the United States earns around $46,193 annually. The estimated profit earned from pig farming is dependent on the number of pig stock, production cost, and management cost. Pig farmers who earn extra cash from their production include processing, adding value to their final production.
What makes the piggery business an interesting and lucrative venture for most people? So, if you decide to venture into bacon or pork production, here are the benefits.
1) High feed-to-meat conversion ratio
Unlike raising poultry birds , birds are known to convert feed into feathers, eggs, and meat. What if you need more meat from the birds, but they keep developing more feathers? This is a typical problem I encountered during my service as an extension officer. But do you the interesting thing and joy pig farmers were enjoying? Pigs have no other business than to convert feed consumed into meat.
A well-fed pig takes 5 to 6 months to attain a weight of 200 to 300 lbs. (91 to 135 kg). In 2022, US pork prices are expected to be between US$ 2.47 and US$ 2.47 per kilogram or between US$ 1.12 and US$ 1.12 per pound (lb.). The price per kilogram is EUR 2.47. In New York and Washington, the average price for a ton is $2474.5.
Top 10 U.S. states by the inventory of hogs and pigs as of March 2022
2) High demand for Pig waste
Organic crop growers use pig farm waste to prepare manure for their crops. Organic vegetables, in particular, have a high value on the market. For this reason, some pig farmers collect and sell pig waste for extra cash, while others use it on their farms instead of buying synthetic fertilizer .
3) Highly prolific
If you own a sow and boar a new pig farmer, you can get up to an estimated number of 18 to 20 pigs within a year. A sow between the age of 8 to 9 months can farrow twice a year. The pig breed is highly prolific, so a sow can produce a litter size between 6 and 12.
4) Wide taste for a variety of feed
Pigs naturally feed on a lot of edible materials. From snakes to vegetables and grains, pigs can actually consume anything for survival. Yes, I stated pigs eat snakes . This was an eyewitness moment when a snake entered a pigsty. They killed and fed on the snake.
The fact that pigs can consume anything edible does not mean you should feed them garbage and a non-nutritional diet. A well-balanced diet mixed with fruits like watermelon helps the pigs grow and mature faster.
5) Most relied on meat for Sausage making
Sausage producers in the United States and most countries prefer using meat from pigs in producing sausages for the market. The United States sausage production industry is estimated at $19.2bn in 2022. Sausages are easy to use in making meals and attract many consumers year-round.
What are the disadvantages of pig farming?
This is a complete beginner guide, and the aim is to let you know what is good and bad about the pig farming business. This may not be a disadvantage, provided you have the means to take care of every cost.
1) Cost of building piggery structure
Each barn may cost $400 to build, depending on the materials used. This includes cement blocks, wood, roofing, and wire mesh. A standard piggery structure can be very costly. So, as a beginner, you can start with a small size and expand in the future.
2) Pig farming requires time
When you start a pig farming business, your presence is required on-site daily. By standards, you are required to feed the pigs twice daily and ensure they have enough water in their wallow to cool their hot body temperature. For most standard pig farms, air conditioners are installed instead of wallows.
Types of pig farming
The pig farming business can be classified into two forms the pig fattening farming business and the pig breeding farm business . Each type of pig farm business is very lucrative and depends on each other.
Pig breeding farming business
This category of pig farming specializes in raising what we call the breeder stock. The breeder stock has varieties of pig breeds crossed to produce offspring. Piglets from the breeder stock are considered pure line breeds when they come from the same breed and hybrid when it’s a cross between two different breeds. Pig breeders are relied on mostly by pig fattening farmers to supply their farms for production.
Pig breeders research into feed enhancers for pig growth, breeds best for local farmers, disease-resistant pig breeds , and minimizing mortality in piggery with proven research works in with their pig breeding programs.
Pig fattening farming business
Pig fatteners are solely interested in buying matured pregnant sows or piglets from pig breeders to start production. This type of production is responsible for the bacon, ham, and lard we enjoy from pig meat. Pig fatteners run daily farm management by caring for the piglets until they reach the maturity stage (5-6 months) for slaughtering.
Pig farming for beginners
The pig is one of the most important animals in modern-day farming . They are used for food, for their fat, for their skin, and organs. The amount of products made from pigs is incredible, and their use in farming is essential for keeping people fed and healthy.
Types of pig housing systems
The pig housing system is intended to safeguard pigs while providing them with the best possible habitat for growth and production. The types of pig housing systems are determined by a farming system that varies according to the prevailing farming conditions as well as the farmers’ financial status. It does not matter if having a small piggery business plan; pig housing is crucial.
List of pig housing systems
Pigs are housed in sites that are divided into one or more pens, each with a single or group of animals based on age, sex, and purpose. Below are some types of housing systems and low-cost pig farming housing plans to consider for a pig farmer.
Confinement Housing System
A pig confinement housing system is a complete production facility. Buildings, feed and water systems, manure handling systems, pig handling equipment, pens, and gating are included. This housing system allows for better mud, dust, and manure control and reduced labor for feeding, breeding, and transporting to the farrowing house. Confinement housing systems also allow the pigs to be separated from other animals, which improves biosecurity.
Outdoor or Free-Range Housing System
It is a pig-keeping system in which the pigs can freely move and forage on open lands. The pig has complete access to water, feed, wallows, sunlight, fresh air, and plenty of space to run about or sleep outside anytime it wants. Outdoor or free-range pig rearing is frequently advocated as having better animal welfare and environmental performance. Pigs reared in this system have greater production values and lower input costs.
Deep Litter System
This is a system where several pigs are housed in a single covered enclosure where they can wander freely. The floor could be concrete or appropriately compacted and raised litter. Litter acts as insulation to keep young pigs warm. Pigs grown in a deep litter system outperform pigs raised on a concrete floor in similar conditions.
The partially slatted floor system
Part of the floor is slatted in the partially slatted floor system, and manure and urine fall into a pit below the floor, forming a slurry. This approach is also far less labor-intensive than having to scoop or remove the waste on a regular basis. This housing method gives pigs a specialized (solid) resting place, improved drainage in farrowing pens, and pigs have more lesions.
All-Slatted Floor System
There are long and narrow openings in the floor of the all-slatted floor housing system. This housing system essentially provides a waste disposal system in the barn, preventing the pigs from lying around in messes. They also lessen the labor required. Because the pigs have no contact with the ground with this system, soil-borne diseases are eliminated, and there is no need for litter or bedding.
Straw-Bedded Housing System
The straw-bedded housing system refers to pig houses in which the floor is coated with a thick layer of litter straw that is removed only at many-month intervals. Straw has numerous benefits, the majority of which are beneficial to pig behavior and welfare by providing a comfy floor. This system has been identified as one method of growing pigs without tail docking by enhancing their natural exploratory activity.
Nursery Housing System
A nursery housing system is a facility or building that is specifically built to house newly weaned pigs until they reach the grower/finisher stage. This system requires the most capital and human resources, as well as the maintenance of clean facilities and proper ventilation. Pigs grown in this system have greater exit weights and better grow-out performance.
Farrowing Housing System
A farrowing housing system is one in which a sow gives birth to her piglets and then stays with them until they are weaned. Sows are transported to the farrowing house a few days before their projected delivery date. This housing system allows the piglets to be with their mother while also allowing the sow to walk around and obtain her food and water without contaminating them. It offers sows comfort and piglets a safe and warm environment.
Dry Sow Housing System
A dry sow housing system is where an adult female pig who is between litters and not producing milk is housed. A good dry sow housing system should provide an intriguing environment in which a variety of behaviors can be expressed. The system also contributes to the well-being of the pigs being produced. Aggression is also lessened by giving the sow greater space, bedding material, and barriers.
Finisher Housing System
A finisher housing system is where market-ready pigs are kept until they are sold or slaughtered. The finisher housing floor can be constructed with non-slip concrete flooring with varying degrees of openness. A solid floor is advised in the building to limit the amount of ammonia evaporation, resulting in better pig welfare.
Multi-tier Housing System
Multi-tier housing systems improve pig well-being by allowing them to express their natural behavior and stimulate healthy development. The multi-tier system is one in which tiers are the most common characteristic of the housing and give living space at various levels. This housing has numerous benefits, such as lower installation costs and lower feed consumption due to fewer pigs moving. There is also a reduced risk of illness and parasitism.
Climate-Controlled Housing System
This housing system is critical in determining the inside climatic conditions of the house for optimum pig health, growth, and productivity. The correct climate in the house promotes your animals’ growth and health while saving you money on feed, water, and electricity. The Climate-Controlled Housing System allows you to fully manage the environment inside your pigs’ confinement.
Breeding Housing System
A breeding housing system is a type of housing in which a boar and gilt or sow are paired for breeding in order to include or retain desired features. This housing system influences your pigs’ genetic background and hence plays a vital role in their activity performance and meat quality. It is intended to safeguard pigs and provide them with the best breeding environment possible.
Mobile Housing System
After a quick start-up, the mobile housing system is ready for the pigs to move in. It protects the pigs from the elements, supplies them with water and extra feed, and slowly moves across a field, introducing the animals to new grass every day. Ventilation can be adjusted in this system to keep animals healthy while also reducing overgrazing and overfertilization of the field.
Integrated Pig-Fish Farming System
An integrated pig-fish farming system is one that produces fish alongside pig-farming operations centered around the fish pond. Pig dung is a great pond fertilizer, boosting the biological productivity of the pond and, as a result, increasing fish production while also lowering the expense and demand for compounded fish feeds. The goal is to save resources while improving farm profits.
Pig Farmers can follow this guide to develop a pig farming business plan successfully. A well-written business plan can give a particular pig farmer an advantage over other farmers in securing funding or investors for their business.
Source : PoultryABC.com
Thanks for reading from PoultryABC.com an agriculture publishing website from Ghana. You are free to share this story via the various social media platforms and follow us on; Facebook , Twitter , Instagram , etc.
- South Africa “ Pig Farming In South Africa https://southafrica.co.za/pig-farming-south-africa.html/ .”
- AGRIC “ Pig Farming In South Africa PDF https://www.arc.agric.za/arc-iscw/CSA-Toolbox/Pages/assets/modules/10.pdf/ .”
- AgriFarming “ Pig farming in South Africa Business plan https://www.agrifarming.in/pig-farming-in-south-africa-how-to-start-plan/ .”
- Gro Think “ Pig Farm Business Plan Template https://www.growthink.com/businessplan/help-center/pig-farm-business-plan /.”
- 99BuisnessIdeas “ How To Start A Profitable Pig Farming Business https://www.99businessideas.com/pig-farming-business/ .”
- Startup Biz Global “ STARTING PIG FARMING BUSINESS PLAN (PDF) https://startupbizglobal.com/starting-pig-farming-business-plan-pdf/ .”
- Utibeetim “ Standard Pig Business Plan with 3 Years Financial Analysis https://utibeetim.com/standard-pig-business-plan/ .”
- Entrepreneur India “ How to Start Pig Farming and Pork Processing Business https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/Document/Download/pdfanddoc-267479-.pdf /.”
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Pig Farm Business Plan Template
Written by Dave Lavinsky
Over the past 20+ years, we have helped over 500 entrepreneurs and business owners create business plans to start and grow their pig farms. On this page, we will first give you some background information with regards to the importance of business planning. We will then go through a pig farm business plan template step-by-step so you can create your plan today.
Download our Ultimate Business Plan Template here >
What Is a Business Plan?
A business plan provides a snapshot of your pig farm as it stands today, and lays out your growth plan for the next five years. It explains your business goals and your strategy for reaching them. It also includes market research to support your plans.
Why You Need a Business Plan
If you’re looking to start a pig farm, or grow your existing pig farm, you need a business plan. A business plan will help you raise funding, if needed, and plan out the growth of your pig farm in order to improve your chances of success. Your pig farm business plan is a living document that should be updated annually as your company grows and changes.
Sources of Funding for Pig Farms
With regards to funding, the main sources of funding for a pig farm are personal savings, credit cards, bank loans and angel investors. With regards to bank loans, banks will want to review your business plan and gain confidence that you will be able to repay your loan and interest. To acquire this confidence, the loan officer will not only want to confirm that your financials are reasonable, but they will also want to see a professional plan. Such a plan will give them the confidence that you can successfully and professionally operate a business. Personal savings and bank loans are the most common funding paths for pig farms.
Finish Your Business Plan Today!
If you want to start a pig farm or expand your current one, you need a business plan. Below are links to each section of your pig farm business plan template:
Your executive summary provides an introduction to your business plan, but it is normally the last section you write because it provides a summary of each key section of your plan.
The goal of your Executive Summary is to quickly engage the reader. Explain to them the type of pig farm you are operating and the status. For example, are you a startup, do you have a pig farm that you would like to grow, or are you operating pig farms in multiple markets?
Next, provide an overview of each of the subsequent sections of your plan. For example, give a brief overview of the pig farm industry. Discuss the type of pig farm you are operating. Detail your direct competitors. Give an overview of your target customers. Provide a snapshot of your marketing plan. Identify the key members of your team. And offer an overview of your financial plan.
In your company analysis, you will detail the type of pig farm you are operating.
For example, you might operate one of the following types of pig farms:
- Farrow-to-finish pig farm : this type of pig farm involves breeding and farrowing sows, and feeding the offspring until they reach a market weight of about 280 pounds.
- Farrow-to-feeder pig farm: this type of pig farm involves breeding and farrowing sows and then selling the piglets to finishing operations when they weigh 30 to 60 pounds.
- Feeder-to-finish pig farm: this type of pig farm buys feeder pigs when they weigh 30 to 60 pounds and feed them to market weight.
In addition to explaining the type of pig farm you will operate, the Company Analysis section of your business plan needs to provide background on the business.
Include answers to question such as:
- When and why did you start the business?
- What milestones have you achieved to date? Milestones could include the number of customers served, number of positive reviews, reaching X amount of customers served, etc.
- Your legal structure. Are you incorporated as an S-Corp? An LLC? A sole proprietorship? Explain your legal structure here.
In your industry analysis, you need to provide an overview of the pig farm industry.
While this may seem unnecessary, it serves multiple purposes.
First, researching the pig farm industry educates you. It helps you understand the market in which you are operating.
Secondly, market research can improve your strategy, particularly if your research identifies market trends.
The third reason for market research is to prove to readers that you are an expert in your industry. By conducting the research and presenting it in your plan, you achieve just that.
The following questions should be answered in the industry analysis section of your pig farm business plan:
- How big is the pig farm industry (in dollars)?
- Is the market declining or increasing?
- Who are the key competitors in the market?
- Who are the key suppliers in the market?
- What trends are affecting the industry?
- What is the industry’s growth forecast over the next 5 – 10 years?
- What is the relevant market size? That is, how big is the potential market for your pig farm? You can extrapolate such a figure by assessing the size of the market in the entire country and then applying that figure to your local population.
The customer analysis section of your pig farm business plan must detail the customers you serve and/or expect to serve.
The following are examples of customer segments: grocery retailers, families, and individual buyers.
As you can imagine, the customer segment(s) you choose will have a great impact on the type of pig farm you operate. Clearly, families would respond to different marketing promotions than grocery retailers, for example.
Try to break out your target customers in terms of their demographic and psychographic profiles. With regards to demographics, include a discussion of the ages, genders, locations and income levels of the customers you seek to serve.
Psychographic profiles explain the wants and needs of your target customers. The more you can understand and define these needs, the better you will do in attracting and retaining your customers.
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Your competitive analysis should identify the indirect and direct competitors your business faces and then focus on the latter.
Direct competitors are other pig farms.
Indirect competitors are other options that customers have to purchase from that aren’t direct competitors. This includes grocery stores, farmers markets, pork alternatives (vegan), etc.
With regards to direct competition, you want to describe the other pig farms with which you compete. Most likely, your direct competitors will be pig farms located very close to your location.
For each such competitor, provide an overview of their businesses and document their strengths and weaknesses. Unless you once worked at your competitors’ businesses, it will be impossible to know everything about them. But you should be able to find out key things about them such as:
- What type of pig farm are they?
- What areas do they serve?
- What types of customers do they serve?
- What is their pricing (premium, low, etc.)?
- What are they good at?
- What are their weaknesses?
With regards to the last two questions, think about your answers from the customers’ perspective. And don’t be afraid to ask your competitors’ customers what they like most and least about them.
The final part of your competitive analysis section is to document your areas of competitive advantage. For example:
- Will you provide pig farm products that your competitors don’t offer?
- Will your pigs be raised in a better facility?
- Will you provide better customer service?
- Will you offer better pricing?
Think about ways you will outperform your competition and document them in this section of your plan.
Traditionally, a marketing plan includes the four P’s: Product, Price, Place, and Promotion. For a pig farm business plan, your marketing plan should include the following:
Product : In the product section, you should reiterate the type of pig farm that you documented in your Company Analysis. Then, detail the specific services you will be offering. For example, in addition to pig farm products, will you provide a petting zoo, chicken or cow products, and any other services?
Price : Document the prices you will offer and how they compare to your competitors. Essentially in the product and price sub-sections of your marketing plan, you are presenting the services you offer and their prices.
Place : Place refers to the location of your pig farm. Document your location and mention how the location will impact your success. For example, is your pig farm located in a rural setting, on the outskirts of a metropolitan area, the countryside, etc. Discuss how your location might be the ideal location for your customers.
Promotions : The final part of your pig farm marketing plan is the promotions section. Here you will document how you will drive customers to your location(s). The following are some promotional methods you might consider:
- Advertising in local papers and magazines
- Social media marketing
- Local radio advertising
While the earlier sections of your business plan explained your goals, your operations plan describes how you will meet them. Your operations plan should have two distinct sections as follows.
Everyday short-term processes include all of the tasks involved in running your pig farm, including cleaning and maintaining the pig farm and pigs, buying and/or selling pigs, preparing the pigs for slaughter, marketing, etc.
Long-term goals are the milestones you hope to achieve. These could include the dates when you expect to obtain your XXth customer, or when you hope to reach $X in revenue. It could also be when you expect to expand your pig farm to a new location.
To demonstrate your pig farm’ ability to succeed, a strong management team is essential. Highlight your key players’ backgrounds, emphasizing those skills and experiences that prove their ability to grow a company.
Ideally you and/or your team members have direct experience in managing pig farms. If so, highlight this experience and expertise. But also highlight any experience that you think will help your business succeed.
If your team is lacking, consider assembling an advisory board. An advisory board would include 2 to 8 individuals who would act like mentors to your business. They would help answer questions and provide strategic guidance. If needed, look for advisory board members with experience in managing a pig farm or a large profitable farm.
Your financial plan should include your 5-year financial statement broken out both monthly or quarterly for the first year and then annually. Your financial statements include your income statement, balance sheet and cash flow statements.
Income Statement : an income statement is more commonly called a Profit and Loss statement or P&L. It shows your revenues and then subtracts your costs to show whether you turned a profit or not.
In developing your income statement, you need to devise assumptions. For example, will you start with X number of pigs or will you expand your pig inventory slowly? And will sales grow by 2% or 10% per year? As you can imagine, your choice of assumptions will greatly impact the financial forecasts for your business. As much as possible, conduct research to try to root your assumptions in reality.
Balance Sheets : Balance sheets show your assets and liabilities. While balance sheets can include much information, try to simplify them to the key items you need to know about. For instance, if you spend $50,000 on building out your pig farm, this will not give you immediate profits. Rather it is an asset that will hopefully help you generate profits for years to come. Likewise, if a bank writes you a check for $50,000, you don’t need to pay it back immediately. Rather, that is a liability you will pay back over time.
Cash Flow Statement : Your cash flow statement will help determine how much money you need to start or grow your business, and make sure you never run out of money. What most entrepreneurs and business owners don’t realize is that you can turn a profit but run out of money and go bankrupt.
In developing your Income Statement and Balance Sheets be sure to include several of the key costs needed in starting or growing a pig farm:
- Cost of pig farm construction and barn build-out
- Cost of pig farm supplies, pigs, and equipment
- Cost of marketing the pig farm
- Payroll or salaries paid to staff
- Business insurance
- Taxes and permits
- Legal expenses
Attach your full financial projections in the appendix of your plan along with any supporting documents that make your plan more compelling. For example, you might include your list of products your pig farm will offer, types of customers you will be targeting, and the areas your pig farm will serve.
Putting together a business plan for your pig farm is a worthwhile endeavor. If you follow the template above, by the time you are done, you will truly be an expert. You will really understand the pig farm industry, your competition, and your customers. You will have developed a marketing plan and will really understand what it takes to launch and grow a successful pig farm.
Pig Farm Business Plan FAQs
What is the easiest way to complete my pig farm business plan.
Growthink's Ultimate Business Plan Template allows you to quickly and easily complete your Pig Farm Business Plan.
What is the Goal of a Business Plan's Executive Summary?
The goal of your Executive Summary is to quickly engage the reader. Explain to them the type of pig farm you are operating and the status; for example, are you a startup, do you have a pig farm that you would like to grow, or are you operating a chain of pig farms?
Don’t you wish there was a faster, easier way to finish your Pig Farm business plan?
OR, Let Us Develop Your Plan For You
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Tineke Abma , Mirko Noordegraaf
2003, Public Administration
2001, Mn. Nutr. Conf. Mn. …
Approximately 3.2 to 3.5 million metric tonnes of DDGS are produced annually in North America (Markham, 2000; personal communication). According to the Minnesota Department of Agriculture (Groschen, 2001), Minnesota has 14 ethanol plants that produce over 240 million gallons ...
Abstract Livestock industries produce meat, milk and egg, and also generate large volumes of wastes that could be harmful to the environment if not well managed. The demand for animal products is driven by increasing per capital incomes, urbanization, changing lifestyles as well as rapid population growth. These increases in demand for animal products are expected to continue in the years to come.
Igor Ristovski , Dusko Mukaetov
This document presents the climate change mitigation potential in the agriculture sector, and further proposes mitigation mesasures and estimates their feasibility, CO2 reduction and possible co-bennefits. This document provides important guidance for policy-makers in developing adaptation strategies and further strengthens the dialogue, information exchange and cooperation among all the relevant stakeholders including governmental, non-governmental, academic, and private sectors. This paper has been produced with the technical support of the United Nations Development Programme and financial support by Global Environment Facility.
1999, Journal of animal science
In 36 growing pigs (30 to 60 kg), N balance and amino acid (AA) composition of weight gain were measured to evaluate the interactive effect of the ratio between N from essential amino acids (EAA(N)) to nonessential amino acids (NEAA(N)) and total N level (T(N)) in the diet on N retention and utilization of N, EAA(N), NEAA(N), and AA. Nine diets composed from ordinary feedstuffs and supplemented with crystalline AA were used (three EAA(N):NEAA(N) ratios of 38:62, 50:50, and 62:38 at three T(N) levels of 18.8, 22.9, and 30.0 g/kg). Pigs were fed restrictedly, at a level of 2.8 x energy for maintenance. In all diets, EAA (including arginine) supply was according to or slightly above the recommended ratios to lysine. Measurements were done in four blocks of nine pigs each. In a concomitant slaughter experiment, the AA composition of deposited body protein was determined to estimate AA utilization. The effects of T(N) and EAA(N):NEAA(N) and their interaction for N retention and utilizati...
2014, Tropical Animal Health and Production
David Styles , Neal R Haddaway
James W A B W I R E Oguttu
2016, Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
The majority of small-holder pig farmers in Mpumalanga had between 1- and 10-sow herds. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the current government agricultural intervention (supply of 10 sows and a boar) in terms of technical and economic feasibilities and ascertain whether the small-scale pig value chain system alleviates poverty. Data were obtained from 220 randomly selected small-holder pig farmers using a semi-structured questionnaire. The results showed that 58% farrowed ≤ 10 piglets/born/sow/litter, 44.2% practiced no weaning method and many fed swill and leftovers alone (41.6%). Pair-wise association revealed that the feeding of commercial feeds had a relationship with pigs in relatively good to very good body condition. Pigs in poor body condition were positively correlated with the feeding of swill alone. The economic models for the 10-sow unit proved that pig farming is unprofitable if the current management and feeding systems that operate in the commercial industry...
2005, Journal of International Development and Cooperation
The effects of feeding low-protein (LP) diets and the age and genotype of fattening pigs were evaluated in an N-balance trial. Sixty weaned piglets of two genotypes were allotted to three different diets. Besides the control diets for the crossbred Topigs 20 × DanBred Duroc (TD) and Hungarian Large White (HLW) pigs, two LP diets were fed containing 1.5 (T1.5) and 3% (T3) less dietary protein than the control. The LP diets were supplemented with crystalline lysine, threonine, tryptophan, and methionine to equalize their digestible amino acid contents. Starter diets were fed between 20–30, grower I between 30–40, grower II between 40–80 and finisher between 80–110 kg live weights. Pigs were kept in floor pens, with 10 animals per pen. In all phases, six pigs with similar live weight were placed into individual balance cages and in the frame of a seven-day long balance trial, the daily N-intake, fecal and urinary N-excretion were measured. From the data N-digestibility, the total ammon...
2016, Tropical Animal Health and Production
Journal of Animal Science
Meat Sector Study Report 2021
Meat Sector Study Report is an analysis of the meat sector in Albania for the period 2010-2019 and will serve as solid ground for the preparation of IPARD III program and of Strategy for Agriculture, Rural Development and Fishery 2021 - 2027
The welfare of pigs reared in intensive housing systems has been an increasing source of public concern. An investigation was carried out to find factors within the physical and social environment that mediate a range of behavioural and physiological indicators of welfare of growing pigs kept under commercial conditions. An initial study investigated human approach behaviour and clinical signs of disease on commercial farms. Multivariate statistical analysis identified factors that were significantly associated with these welfare indicators, particularly stockman-animal interactions, type of flooring, provision of straw bedding and air quality. This study suggested that the period immediately post-weaning may be important in behavioural development. An abattoir study looked at response to handling, behaviour in lairage, prevalence of bursitis and the prevalence of gastric ulcers post-slaughter. The results indicated the benefits of the provision of straw bedding and welfare problems...
2017, Ed. Academiei Romane (THE PUBLISHING HOUSE OF THE ROMANIAN ACADEMY)
The book is the result of the collaborative research work of the COMPETE consortium, in frame of the EU FP7 projects, during 2012–2015. The objective of the project was to deliver a coherent and innovative evaluation of the competitiveness of the European agri-food chains by integrating various new approaches. Based on this, the research results provided for deducing a congruent, coherent and consistent set of policy recommendations aimed at improving competitiveness and promoting the Knowledge Based Bio-Economy in Europe. COMPETE project analysed four agrifood chains: cereals, fruit and vegetables, meat (pork), milk and dairy. The analysis was done at EU level and Serbia. The aim of the book is to identify the competitiveness of the Romanian agrifood chains and the place of the country in intra-EU and extra-EU trade. To do this, we included in the structure of the book the analysis of the four mentioned agrifood chains, and in addition, the analysis of oilseeds’ chains, as an extra study, for better understanding of the sector and good comparisons. The study was done at EU and national level, for all five agri-food chains. In the same time, we analyse the market potential for fresh and processed products according to the EU quality schemes (organic products, PDO, PGI and TSG products) on internal and international markets. We provided a description of the EU and national policies, as well as policies related to development of the new markets like organic, PDO, PGI and TSG products. An important part of the book is the analysis of the intra- and extra-EU trade and the Romanian trade, too. In completions, we analysed the market prices and their role in the competitiveness at world level. Then, we elaborated a SWOT analysis, based on the results of the previous work conducted by Romanian researchers and other researchers from COMPETE consortium. At the end, there were formulated policy recommendations useful, in our opinion, for the decision makers. By present book, we open new discussions about the trends in the field, future developments, good practices and models for good standards of life.
A study was carried out in Kamuli and Hoima districts in Eastern and Western regions of Uganda to determine the Taenia solium porcine cysticercosis (PCC) and gastrointestinal (GI) parasites co-infection status in pigs. One hundred sixty-one households were selected randomly and visited between November and December 2019. A household questionnaire was administered, and faecal and blood samples were collected from at least one pig older than 3 months per household. A blood sample was obtained from a jugular venipuncture, and a rectal faecal sample was obtained. Taenia spp. circulating antigen levels in the sample sera were tested using a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit, apDia™ cysticercosis Ag ELISA. The modified McMaster technique was used to identify and quantify the GI parasites. The apparent animal-level seroprevalence for PCC was 4.8% (95% CI 2.7–7.1) and differed across the two districts (p = 0.018). At the pig herd level, the prevalence was 9.7% (95% CI 5.5–14....
T D Crenshaw , G. Allee
1991, Journal of animal science
A cooperative study using 215 sows during two parities (349 litters) was conducted at six stations to determine the effect of raw soybeans in gestation and lactation diets on sow and litter performance. Sows were bred and allotted to fortified corn diets containing either soybean meal (control) or raw soybeans. A corn-soybean meal-soybean oil diet, isocaloric to the raw soybean diet, was included as a third treatment at three stations. All diets contained 14% CP. These diets were fed during both gestation and lactation through two parities. The daily gestation feed intake ranged from 1.8 to 2.3 kg/sow, depending on station. During lactation, the sows were allowed ad libitum access to their respective diets. Gestational weight gain was not influenced by diet, but sows fed raw soybeans consumed less (P less than .01) feed during lactation and had greater (P less than .01) lactational weight loss and their pigs were lighter in weight (P less than .05) both at 21 d and at weaning (varie...
The purpose of this section is to review pricing mechanisms in agriculture and food. We started by constructing a taxonomy and system of classification for pricing mechanisms that is rooted in economic theory. This framework was applied to 26 pricing mechanisms observed from the following product categories: � Beef � Hogs � Grains and oilseeds � Dairy � Poultry and
Food waste has been a major barrier to achieving global food security and environmental sustainability for many decades. Unfortunately, food waste has become an even bigger problem in many countries because of supply chain disruptions during the COVID-19 pandemic and African Swine Fever epidemic. Although Japan and South Korea have been leaders in recycling food waste into animal feed, countries that produce much greater amounts of food waste, such as the United States and the European Union, have lagged far behind. Concerns about the risk of transmission of bacteria, prions, parasites, and viruses have been the main obstacles limiting the recycling of food waste streams containing animal-derived tissues into animal feed and have led to government regulations restricting this practice in the U.S. and EU. However, adequate thermal processing is effective for inactivating all biological agents of concern, perhaps except for prions from infected ruminant tissues. The tremendous opportu...
Remco Mur , Peter Gildemacher
African smallholder farmers continuously seek to improve their agricultural enterprise, to improve their food security and to increase their income by making more efficient use of their assets. Farmers have to adapt to continuous, often unforeseen and sudden, changes in their production and marketing environments, and this requires ongoing innovation. Research Into Use (RIU), a DFID-funded programme, explored different approaches for promoting innovation in agriculture.
This paper delivers five key messages: invest for better lives through livestock, improve sustainable productivity and competitiveness of smallholder producers, improve animal health system, improve resource use efficiency and minimize adverse environmental impact of sector growth through policy support, invest in people for sustainable development.
2003, Journal of Dairy Science
Domestic animals, particularly cattle and pigs, were a cornerstone of European colonial projects around the globe (ca. 1500-1900 AD). Livestock husbandry and trade provided not only a source of food, labour, and raw materials for daily life, but also held symbolic significance as a factor in establishing colonial group identity. This dissertation uses stable isotope analyses to reconstruct domestic animal trade and husbandry practices associated with the global expansion of European colonial activities into the New World between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries. Research has been divided into three standalone projects, each designed to make a significant contribution to the current literature in the field of isotopic-zooarchaeological analyses. These projects are unified through a common theme of exploring the social roles of animal husbandry and trade and, together, provide a cohesive demonstration of how historical and isotopic faunal records can be integrated to advance a...
1995, Animal Feed Science and Technology
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