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How to create keyboard shortcut from xfce terminal
So i want to run flameshoot with keyboard shortcut. In terminal i can do flameshoot gui , but i want to know how to do this with keyboard shortcut. How to add command to shortcut?
btw i use xfce4 environment
Every desktop environment has a facility to define custom keyboard shortcuts, typically somewhere in the Settings. Through a dialog, you can define a label, the command to run ( flameshot gui ) and then a shortcut key that will trigger the command.
This is basic functionality in a desktop environment. You are expected to take some time to learn your desktop environment, so read the help files for the details on where this is found and how this works in the XFCE desktop environment.
- thanks for the tip – Flitzcore Sep 14, 2022 at 13:33
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Xfce - Frequently Asked Questions
General questions, keyboard related, application menu, desktop manager.
- Themes & Artwork
- How to pronounce Xfce?
- What does it mean?
- What does the logo mean?
On which platforms does Xfce run currently?
Under which license is xfce distributed, how long between two official releases, where can i find xfce information/support for my specific distribution, does xfce currently support wayland.
- How to configure Shortcuts / Hotkeys / Menu Accelerators?
Is there some way to call the menu with the keyboard in Xfce?
Is it possible to focus the verve plugin with a key, my windows button does not work in the keyboard settings > shortcuts., is it possible to use media keys in the shortcut editor.
- How to determine keycodes with ''xev''?
What should I do to change keyboard layout?
Is it possible to change the default shortcut keys, how can i see a list of all the shortcut keys, how do i make a shortcut that doesn't steal focus.
- How can I bind a keyboard shortcut to toggle "Do Not Disturb" mode?
The left-click to get the menu on the title bar menu button seems a little slow. How do I change that?
How do i display a list of all windows, how to edit the auto generated menu with the menu editor, what are the exact commands used when launching the 'settings' applications, i want to disable the trash, home and filesystem icons on my desktop, is that possible, my xfce desktop doesn't have any shortcut icons, why, is it possible to change the icon used by the icon box or task bar for a given application, i've installed a plug-in for the panel, but the indicators don't use different colors. what can i do, how do i set the panel layer in xfce 4.2 and 4.4, is there a world clock applet.
- How can I customize my Xfce desktop environment
The gtk-xfce-engine themes do not appear in the "user interface" settings dialog
- How can install new themes?
Where can I find additional backgrounds and wallpapers for my desktop?
- Why is the file chooser very slow?
Why the response to Terminal application is slow?
How do i enable panel transparency and window shadows, kiosk - i want to use xfce in a corporate environment and not let users modify their menu., how to use a different window manager, how to use scim in xfce, on login: when i start xfce a dialog pops up saying "could not look up internet address for...", on logout: when i try to log out by pressing the logout button in the panel, i get a dialog asking me whether i want to quit the panel and/or xfce4-session-logout reports that no session manager is running, but it is, how can i install a new font in xfce, how can i hide the suspend and hibernate buttons from the logout dialog, how can i move the ''save as'' button below the window instead of above, how to pronounce xfce .
“Ecks Eff See Eee”
What does it mean ?
The name Xfce originally stood for XForms Common Environment, but since then, Xfce was rewritten twice and doesn't use XForms toolkit anymore. The name survived, but the F is no longer capitalized (not “XFce”, but “Xfce”). Currently the abbreviation doesn't stand for anything (suggestion: X Freakin' Cool Environment). It's not pronounced “X-Face”. There is no “a” in it.
What does the logo mean ?
A mouse, obviously, for all kinds of reasons like world domination and monsters and such.
Xfce is developed to be versatile. It is currently supported on Linux, Solaris and BSD, but has been known to run in some shape or form on IRIX, MacOS X, and Windows.
Xfce 4 components are licensed under free or open source licenses: GPL or BSDL for applications and LGPL or BSDL for libraries. Read the documentation, the source code, or the Xfce homepage for more information.
There is no set schedule, but there are goals the developers try to meet. That said, the creation of deadlines does not lend itself well to those working without compensation. So the overall goal is to release a new version as certain goals are reached. Unfortunately, that does not allow the advanced statement of any release schedule. Please check back often to read any news releases about the product.
If you are not able to find support on the Xfce Forums , you may want to use a site focused, specifically, on the distribution you are currently running. The following is not an exhaustive list of Xfce resources.
Distribution Specific Xfce Info/Support Pages:
- Debian Xfce
- Fedora Xfce Desktop
- FreeBSD Xfce FAQ
- Manjaro Xfce
- Linux Mint Xfce Forums
General Xfce forum
- Xfce on Reddit
There is no set schedule, but there are goals defined that the developers are currently working to meet. See the Xfce Wayland Development Roadmap for details on the short and long-term goals, as well as the status of Wayland functionality for the individual components .
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How to configure Shortcuts / Hotkeys / Menu Accelerators ?
A number of Xfce applications (Thunar, for example) support the standard GTK2 way of changing shortcuts: simply hover over the menu option with the mouse pointer and press the keyboard shortcut you want to rebind it to.
To delete a keyboard assignment, press the Backspace key while you are on the menu entry.
If the shortcut doesn't change, then you need to enable the feature in GTK+. This can be achieved in 3 ways:
- If you are running the Xfce desktop environment, enable Editable menu accelerators in the User Interface Preferences dialog.
- If you are running GNOME then you can enable Editable menu accelerators in the Menu and Toolbars control center dialog.
- Otherwise put the following in your ~/.gtkrc-2.0 file (create the file if it doesn't exist): gtk-can-change-accels=1
Assign a key with the Keyboard Settings → Shortcuts to the command xfdesktop -menu . (This does not work reliably since Linux Kernel is tickless, so xfdesktop -menu needs a fix) The menu will popup where your mouse is located. You can also use xfce4-popup-applicationsmenu to popup the panel menu (also provided by xfdesktop and make sure you have the plugin in your panel ^_~).
Assign a key to the command verve-focus
The windows button (also known as the superkey) not working as a modifier is related to the toolkit, GTK+ in the case of Xfce. If you want to have the windows-key working we recommend you to upgrade GTK+ to at least version 2.10.0.
How do I get numlock to start on login?
There are two possibilities to achieve this. Or you should use a display manager that turns the numlock on (eg. gdm, check the settings) or you can use a little program called numlockx , adding numlockx on in your .xinitrc will do the job.
Use xmodmap to assign keycodes to your Media keys to make them available for the Xfce shortcut editor:
To determine keycodes of the multimedia keys use the program xev . Create a .Xmodmap file in your $HOME directory containing those keycodes and assign keysyms to them.
Here are some examples of keycodes and their respective keysyms:
All possible keysyms can be found in /usr/lib/X11/XKeysymDB or /usr/share/X11/XKeysymDB . To ensure that the .Xmodmap file is loaded when you start Xfce add /usr/bin/xmodmap $HOME/.Xmodmap to your .xinitrc or .xprofile file. When you start the shortcut editor, the assigned keysyms should show up when you press one of your multimedia keys. Now it is possible to assign a command to them.
Note: Several problems with auto-loading of .Xmodmap files at Xfce startup have been reported (also when issued as autostart command). Search the Xfce Bugzilla sites for current problems. As a workaround, run xmodmap ~/.Xmodmap by hand every time, or try out editing the somewhat less straightforward xkb configuration files.
How to determine keycodes with ''xev''
All keyboards are different, keycodes can differ and not everyone has time to search XKeysymDB file. You can acquire keycodes manually from your keyboard using the application xev .
In a terminal type the following:
Next, press the key that you need the keycode from(e.g. When the key “Stop” is pressed, the output is “174 XF86AudioStop”.
There are several options. One is to use xfce4-xkb-plugin , see xkb plugin . You can also use the setxkbmap command with the two letter keyboard code as argument; you can edit your X server configuration file to choose a different keyboard layout (change the value after Option “XkbLayout” , e.g.: Option “XkbLayout” “dvorak” ).
Yes, of course. Keyboard shortcuts are defined in two locations. The shortcuts to handle the window manager are defined in the Settings Manager > Window Manager Settings > Keyboard. The Default theme can not be changed; but, when you add a theme you can change that the theme you just added.
More global keyboard shortcuts, like volume adjustments, can be found in Settings Manager > Keyboard Preferences > Shortcuts. Again, you need to add a new theme before you can start customizing it.
Use the following command, which will produce a nicely formatted text list to standard output:
If you want to put this list into a file, add > filename at the end of command.
It is not currently possible to do this.
The left-button single-click menu button display speed is linked to the double click speed. If one wants the menu to appear quicker, just change the double click speed in the Xfce 4 Settings Manager Mouse properties to be faster. Or, one can right click on the title bar to get the menu displayed almost instantly without adjusting the double-click speed. The menu will display both ways.
There are two possibilities. The first is by middle clicking on the desktop (if you have xfdesktop running) or you can add the window list plugin to the panel (is provided with a xfce4-popup-windowlist command).
Now, you already have a menu with all the categories in the main tree with some duplicates, but you must first edit menu.xml with your favorite editor and remove the 4 following lines in the middle of the file, otherwise the menu editor will complain about a wrong format:
That's all. Now you can run the menu editor, remove the few duplicates and edit all as you like.
Settings > Desktop > Menu > Menu Editor
Notes: by removing the “system” line, you will remove all the duplicates menu entries from the auto generated file. So, if it is changed in this auto generated file, they don't appear anymore, but you will get rid of most of the duplicates.
To restore the original menu, just do in a terminal:
Please see this wiki entry for a list of the precise commands run for each entry under the 'Settings' menu in a default installation of Xfce4.
Yes. In Settings > Desktop > Icons > Appearance, select 'None'.
You can adjust this via Settings > Desktop > Icons > Appearance.
It's not possible. This setting has to be managed by the application itself.
First, try another Gtk theme, since some themes override the color. If it doesn't solve the problem, you probably have an old ~/.gtkrc-2.0 : remove it and try again.
In order to improve focus management this option was removed.
You need to add the Orage Clock to the panel. Then you can middle-click the clock to open the “Global Time” window, to which you can add any number of clocks.
The gtk-xfce-engine-2 package has to be installed using same prefix as Gtk2 itself. When installed from sources, the engine is, by default, installed in /usr/local, while Gtk2 is often installed in /usr. Just install gtk-xfce-engine-2 again using ./configure –prefix=/usr , and the themes will hopefully become available.
How can I install new themes
You can read everything about changing themes in the How to install new themes wiki page.See Xfce Look for a selection of themes geared towards Xfce/Xfwm4.
Here is a selection of beautiful images and pointers to other sites with quality, high-resolution images.
Why the file chooser is very slow ?
It is more likely that the icon theme you are using renders too many SVGs making it very hard to scroll. Switch to another icon theme.
For NVidia users, add this to your settings:
For all users, your driver may not support argb visuals very well. You can disable it for Terminal by exporting the environment variable XLIB_SKIP_ARGB_VISUALS=1. To disable it for Terminal only, put the next lines inside ~/bin/Terminal for example (given you have a personal bin directory, you can also put it inside /usr/local/bin):
Enable the Composite extension in the X11 config file and make sure Xfwm4 is compiled with embedded compositor ( xfwm4 -V ).
Pay attention: recent versions of X.org turn composite on by default. If you experience speed problems or any other glitches you have to disable it explicitly:
If you have a reasonably new X.org (7.1, possibly 7.0) and your graphics card is listed as “supported” at X.org's EXA status page , you should also enable EXA by adding this line to the card's Device section in your xorg.conf:
Enabling EXA will normally provide a speed increase for compositing and font rendering, but may cause a small reduction in OpenGL rendering speed.
Once the Composite extension is activated, go to Settings → Panel and Settings → Window Manager Tweaks .
ATI users (X.org radeon driver)
ATI R3xx/R4xx (9500 to X850, X1050) users may also need this in the device section for the card:
NVidia users may also need this in the device section for the card:
Read /usr/share/doc/nvidia-glx/README.txt.gz (and search for “RenderAccel” and “AllowGLXWithComposite”) to see if they are recommended at all for your system. At least for recent NVidia GLX drivers, “AllowGLXWithComposite” “true” is only for X servers older than X11R6.9.0, and “RenderAccel” “true” is the default setting, and therefore not required. If you are running a recent NVidia driver and a recent xorg-server, you do not need these settings (and should not use the “AllowGLXWithComposite” “true” setting).
Use kiosk mode (see also xfce4-session docs).
Please refer to this manual page for instructions and caveats regarding the running of a Window Manager other than fvwm4.
Refer to this manual
Xfce simply wants your hostname to be in /etc/hosts . Example input: 127.0.0.1 localhost
For some reason, your X applications can not connect to the session manager.
Possible causes are:
- Your hostname cannot be resolved (see Login problems section).
- Your home partition or partition containing /tmp is filled up.
- Your hostname contains non-ascii characters (no umlauts allowed, in particular)
- Either ~/.ICEauthority or /tmp/.ICE-unix has wrong permissions.
Also check .xsession-errors for clues.
Refer to your distribution-specific support as this is handled by your distro and not, specifically Xfce.
See xfconf-query configuration tweaks
Back to main Xfce documentation page
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faq.txt · Last modified: 2023/08/03 09:16 by kevinbowen
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- Topics: Active | Unanswered
- » Desktop
- » How to set keyboard shortcuts
#1 2014-05-23 07:15:09
How to set keyboard shortcuts
xfce 4.10.0-3 distributed bz Xubuntu Linux Mint 16 Petra \n \l
How are Keyboard Shortcuts set?
I do understand that there is the Windomanager/Keyboard tab and that shortcut settings should reflect in: xfce4-keyboard-shortcuts.xml of which are three on my machine:
locate xfce4-keyboard-shortcuts.xml /etc/xdg/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml/xfce4-keyboard-shortcuts.xml /home/mfunk/.config/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml/xfce4-keyboard-shortcuts.xml /usr/share/mint-configuration-xfce/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml/xfce4-keyboard-shortcuts.xml
Also I picked up that changes ought to be be reloaded by the system afer a: xfdesktop --reload
But currently my machine is in a state, were it doesn't react to any changes of the shorcuts either in the Windomanager nor in the config files. The windowmanager shows shortcuts like 'Add workspace' beeing mapped to '<Alt>Insert' but they arent mapped, as in don't work.
I haven't run through a reboot process yet, but either way I'd like to know a way to change the shortcut settings at runtime. I'm using the IntelliJ IDE and I'd like to get the shortcuts that are shadowed by xfce out of my way.
Any hints on how to get that straight?
#2 2014-05-23 10:43:34
Re: How to set keyboard shortcuts
How are Keyboard Shortcuts set? I do understand that there is the Windomanager/Keyboard tab and that shortcut settings should reflect in: xfce4-keyboard-shortcuts.xml of which are three on my machine: locate xfce4-keyboard-shortcuts.xml /etc/xdg/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml/xfce4-keyboard-shortcuts.xml /home/mfunk/.config/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml/xfce4-keyboard-shortcuts.xml /usr/share/mint-configuration-xfce/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml/xfce4-keyboard-shortcuts.xml
The first is the xfce default, the second is your currently active config file and the third looks like a mint-specific configuration file which mostly likely becomes the default on your system.
I don't think this is correct. If you make the change by editing the shortcut at Settings Manager >> Window Manager >> Keyboard, it should be automatic. If you are doing it manually by editing the configuration file, you need to kill and restart the xfconfd module. On my system, i386, the command is:
...to force Xfce to re-read the file for changes (command will be in a different location for a 64-bit install).
Is xfsettingsd running? If so, try restarting it. If not, fire it up to see if it helps.
The easiest way is to make the change directly in Settings Manager >> Window Manager >> Keyboard (assuming your system is working properly to recognize those changes).
Please remember to mark your thread [SOLVED] to make it easier for others to find --- How To Ask For Help | FAQ | Developer Wiki | Community | Contribute ---
#3 2014-05-23 12:33:32
Using Window Manager >> Keyboard leads to a change in the user local xfce4-keyboard-shortcuts.xml and it also is applied, as in the shortcut works after the Manager Window is closed.
#!/bin/sh killall xfconfd && /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/xfce4/xfconf/xfconfd & killall xfsettingsd && xfsettingsd &
leaves the config file unchanged, but the shortcut drops back to default. The configured shortcut doesn't work anymore, but the default works again.
I figure, if i restart the machine the sam effect would take place (not tested yet)
#4 2014-05-23 13:49:27
If changing the shortcut via the front-end (Window Manager >> Keyboard) works, then there would be no need to restart xfconfd or xfsettingsd. On restart, the config file should be read and processed properly, but you'll need to test that.
#5 2019-01-15 08:38:18
Dear m68funk, I think it's a bug. If you open the shortcuts menu in settings and delete the new configured one, there appears the last "default" shortcut like if it were on a "lower layer" or below the new configured one? If so, try deleting both shortcuts configured by pressing the "clear" button and then configure the one you want. This worked for me.
I hope you find it helpful... Best regards.
#6 2019-09-17 10:39:07
The path of xfconfd changed, I think. But I can confirm that
as a script works to reload my keyboard shortcuts if I change them in the XML config file.
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- May 8, 2013
- Jérôme Guelfucci
Last week-end, our awesome Nick released new stable versions for almost all Xfce major components: libxfce4util, tumbler, xfce4-appfinder, xfce4-session, xfce4-panel, xfwm4, xfce4-settings, garcon, thunar, xfce4-terminal and tumbler (this is not amnesia, we got two releases in a single day for this component!).
I still need to release libxfce4ui 4.10.1 which would fix some keyboard shortcut issues: numpad shortcuts, shortcuts with Shift, shortcuts with Alt+Print... I need some testers for this stable branch before releasing. So grab the code on git or from this tarball and please confirm if it works fine after restarting your session. Thanks in advance for your help.
The list of changes which can be found in those stable releases in available on the Xfce Announcement mailing list . I wish you all an improved Xfce experience!
Xfce4-terminal 0.6.x keyboard shortcuts
- January 5, 2013
A lot of users seem to be wondering how to edit keyboard shortcuts in xfce4-terminal 0.6.x. The built-in shortcut editor is indeed gone and the application now uses editable GTK+ accelerators like other GTK+ applications. This is more consistent and allows to drop the exo dependency which makes the application lighter.
The FAQ of the Xfce documentation has a guide on how to edit GTK+ accelerators of xfce4-terminal. You'll get your custom shortcuts back in no time!
PS: xfce4-terminal 0.6.1 is out and has a killer "drop-down" mode ala guake / tilda. See Nick's Google+ page for screenshots.
Keyboard shortcut work landed
- December 30, 2012
After a few user interface improvements and some last bug fixes, the work I described in my last post was merged in the master branches. It is thus available for testing to all users of the Xfce development version.
Feedback on this is welcome, file any bug you find on the Xfce Bugzilla . This will of course be available in the next development release of those components.
Work in progress to improve keyboard shortcuts in Xfce
- December 23, 2012
Long time no blog! I started to hack again last week with the goal of improving keyboard shortcuts handling in Xfce. I touched that during the Xfce 4.10 cycle and this unfortunately seem to have introduced a bunch of bugs that I'm now trying to resolve. I also took this opportunity to try to overhaul the UI and make it more understandable.
This code is available in the jeromeg/keyboard-shortcuts branches of xfwm4 , libxfce4ui and xfce4-settings on the Xfce Git server . Some improvements are still planned but most of what I was planning is already implemented.
Here is a list of reported bugs which should be fixed once I merge this:
- Keyboard shortcuts on numeric keypad are ineffective
- Usability issue : the dialog for adding keyboard shortcuts isn't clear
- Unable create keyboard shortcut <Alt>+Print
- Add a button to edit/modify a keybinding
- Control modifier appears as Primary when setting shortcuts
- Keyboard shortcuts of the same shortcut
- Default shortcuts not working
- Keyboard mapping for XF86PowerButton and Ctrl+Insert ineffective
- <Shift> modifier not recognized correctly
- Keyboard shortcuts shipped by Xfce are wrong since the Gtk switch from Control to Primary
A brief summary: shortcuts now work when Caps Lock is on, shortcuts using Shift or the numeric keypad are handled correctly, a bunch of regressions are fixed, conflict handling is now more reliable and the UI should be better.
Regarding keyboard shortcuts bugs, keyboard shortcuts not working correctly after a reboot or not work working in some other cases seem to occur because of a "wrong" shortcut database often caused by a problem in the migration script in Xfce 4.6. In that case, the easier way to fix this seems to be to revert all keyboard shortcuts to default (in xfwm4-settings and xfce4-keyboard-settings) and to rebind them using the dialogs.
Readable shortcut labels in the ui, improved dialogs to add and edit shortcuts, improved conflict handling, testing is welcome.
If you know what you are doing, it would be useful if you could test those changes and report me by mail any remaining issues. Suggestions for improvements are also welcome.
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Copyright 2003-2017 Xfce Development Team .
- Linux: Xfce Keyboard Shortcuts
The following are the default Xfce keys. (latest public Xfce version as of 2017-02-04 )
The config file is at ~/.config/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml/xfce4-keyboard-shortcuts.xml
Window Manipulation Keys
Move window to workspace (virtual screen), switching workspace, how to change keys.
You can change the keys in Settings control panel. Launch it by xfce4-settings-manager .
- Hover your mouse over the taskbar, then scroll mouse wheel to cycle windows.
- Hover your mouse over empty space on desktop, then scroll mouse wheel to cycle workspaces.
You can set mouse so that hover will activate the window (put focus on it and bring it to front). Set in the Window Manager preference pane.
Tip: One Workspace
To make it simpler, set workspace to just 1, and turn off all keys about workspace. And just define a few, single-key, function keys, to close window or switch to your most frequently used app. Example:
For how to switch to a app, see: How to Set Key to Switch to Browser .
- Why Function Keys F1 to F12 Are Useful
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Window manipulation (10 / 14 shortcuts)
Advertisement, move window to workplace (2 / 6 shortcuts), switching workspace (5 / 11 shortcuts), application shortcuts (3 / 18 shortcuts), table of contents, program information.
Xfce is a desktop environment for Linux. It aims to be fast and visually appealing. Like Gnome, Xfce is based on the GTK toolkit but it is not a Gnome fork. It uses mouse-driven Xfwm window manager.
Web page: xfce.org
Last update: 11/11/2019 8:10 PM UTC
How easy to press shortcuts: 70%
Shortcut count: 55
Platform detected: Windows or Linux
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What is your favorite Xfce hotkey? Do you have any useful tips for it? Let other users know below.
Daniel OP says : 12 months ago 12/29/2022 4:13 PM With power button set to sleep, i set this new keyboard shortcut to suspend: xfce4-session-logout --suspend
Guest OP says : 2 years ago 11/1/2021 7:57 PM There are also nice shortcuts for window arrangements: SUPER+LEFT - adjust&resize window left half of screen SUPER+RIGHT - adjust&resize window right half of screen SUPER+1 - adjust&resize window bottom-left corner on a 2x2 grid SUPER+3 - adjust&resize window bottom-right corner on a 2x2 grid SUPER+7 - adjust&resize window top-left corner on a 2x2 grid SUPER+9 - adjust&resize window top-right corner on a 2x2 grid
Zeynel Abidin Öztürk Admin says in reply to Guest : 2 years ago 11/2/2021 1:03 PM Thank you very much!
Guest OP says : 3 years ago 5/21/2021 5:13 AM Is really helpful article . I am a fan of XFCE !!
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